Mihandzu Yale Kaya ya Afrika Dzonga

© Hans Hillewaert
Mihandzu yale kaya hiyinwana ya leswinga dyiwaka hi minkarhi ya ndlala kumbe ku pfumaleka ka swakudya e Dzongeni wa Afrika. Vulavisisi byikomba leswaku ntshovelo wa mihandzu kusuka enhoveni nale ka tindzhawu tale makaya kumbe e mapurasini swipfuneta ku vanga mintirho. Tlhandla kambirhi, kuhumelerisiwa ka mihandzu leyi ku endla jamu nati juzi swi engetelela muholo emutini. Mihandzu leyi kumekaka e nhoveni laha kaya yi sivela mpfumaleko wa swakudya (not having enough food), ngopfu ngopfu loko kuva na ‘hidden hunger’ – mpfumaleko wa swakudya na ti vitamins.
Mihandzu leyi kumekaka enhoveni yalaha Afrika Dzonga leyi byaleriwaka ku xavisiwa naku dyiwa kumbe ku tirhisiwa kuhumelerisa swinwana swotani hi jamu na swin’wiwa. Kuya hi ndzawula ya swavurimi, Swihlahla na vunjoveri (DAFF) leswi hileswi tekeriwaka enhlokweni kuva swiri swankoka e Afrika Dzonga tani hi mihandzu yalaha kaya:
Marula
Mobola plum
Red Milkwood fruit
Wild Medlar
Kei Apple
Monkey orange
Sour fig
Sour Plum

Yin’wana mihandzu yina nkoka eka kuxavisiwa naswona yaxavisiwa e tlhelo ka patu eka swiphemu swotala swale Dzongeni wa Afrika. Leswi swikatsa monkey orange, sour figs (Carpobrotus edulis), umsobo (waterberry) e vuhuma dyambu bya Afrika Dzonga, Kei-apple (Dovyalis caffra), sour plum (Ximenia caffra), blue sour plum (X. americana) na moepel kumbe red milkwood (Mimusops species). Yinwana yikombeta kuvana matimba yaku humelela tani hi swixavisiwa naswona kuhumelela kuve kona eka marula (Sclerocarya birrea) na mihandzu yinwana.

Makanyi

Nsinya lowu wukulu wutele e xifundzheni xa Limpopo e Afrika dzonga. Muhandzu lowu wutshoveriwa kusuka e hansi ka nsinya (January kuya eka April) naswona wudyiwa wutetano kumbe wu endliwa jamu. Wutlhela wutirhisiwa ku endla byala bya ndhuma.

Mobola Plum

Nsinya lowukulu lowungana mahanti yotiyela swinene, lowu milaka etindzhawini tale vuxeni bya Afrika Dzonga naswona wuna muhandzu wa xitshopani lowu dyiwaka wutetano, wu omisiwile kumbe loko ku endliwa byala hi wona.

Red Milkwood

Nsinya lowu wutsakela tindzhawu letingana mpfula ya ximumu eka swifundzha swalaha Afrika Dzonga naswona wuna mihandzu lowuntsongo wa xirhendzevutani wa orenji. Muhandzu lowu wotsokombela wutele vitamin C naswona matluka ya wona ya dyiwa hi antelope. Yi tshoveriwa yinga se vupfa, mihandzu yivupfa masiku nyana endzhaku ka ntshovelo.

Wild Medlar

Muhandzu lowu wuhumesa mihandzu leyi ringanaka na apricot lowungana nantswo lowu fanaka nawa apula ro omisiwa. Mihandzu leyi tsakamaka yitirhisiwa ku endla byala lebyi pfunaka na le ka masangu (mampoer in Afrikaans). Muhandzu wufanele ku khiwa hi mavoko kusuka ensinyeni naswona wunga tshoveriwa eka nkarhi woringana ntsevu wa tinwheti.

Kei Apple

Lowu wa tart na aroma Kei apple muhandzu wudyiwa wutetano, ngopfu ngopfu loko wunyunyeteriwe chukele. Muhandzu lowu wutele vitamin C naswona wuna ti amino acids tohambana hambana wutlhela wuva na acid yale henhla leyinga kahle loko ku endliwa jamu. Nsinya lowu wa mitwa wuva kahle ku endla ndzelekani.

Monkey Orange

Nsinya lowu wuntsongo wa mimitwa wumila eka ti tropical natindzhawu ta subtropical e Afrika naswona wuhumelerisa mihandzu yotiyela ya xitshopani leyi ringanaka na lamula. Muhandzu lowu wudyiwa wutetano, wu omisiwile kumbe ku endliwe jamu hi wona kambe tinyungu ta kona tina phoyizeni.

Sour Fig

Nsinya lowu namarhelaka wale kaya lowu kumekaka ngopfu e Western Cape, lowu endlaka jamu yakahle naswona wutlhela wutirhisiwa eka ntshamiseko wa misava eka swirhapa leswinga na mati swinene. Mati lawa ya humaka eka matluka yakona yatirhisiwa ku horisa kutshwa hi dyambu, ku hariwa na kunwayisa.

Sour Plum

Muhandzu lowu phyuphyisaka wa sour wukumeka eka nsinya wuntsongo wa mitwa, lowu talaka kubyariwa tani hi ndzilikani. Muhandzu lowu wudyiwa wutetano, wu le henhla hi vitamin C naswona mafurha lawa ya humaka eka tinyungu ya tirhisiwa eka switolwa swofana na ti lipsticks na swisibi.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni