Farming in South Africa

© Chris Daly

South Africa has a diverse climate, ranging from Mediterranean in the south western corner of the country to subtropical in the northeast, temperate in the interior and patches of desert in the northwest.

This diversity allows the country to produce a huge range of agricultural commodities, which in turn has resulted in the industry not only becoming one of South Africa’s biggest job creators but also a major contributor to the gross domestic product.

Production is multifaceted, ranging from thousands of subsistence farmers merely trying to put food on the table and make a little extra income on the side, to large commercial businesses that employ hundreds of people. South Africa is generally self-sufficient in terms of meat and grain production and is renowned for the excellent quality of its wine, fruit, table grapes and vegetables.

The type of production is also diverse, ranging from highly extensive systems over thousands of kilometres, as with game and sheep farming, to highly intensive as is the case with modern pork and poultry production facilities.

Whether small or large, what makes farming in South Africa great is the way in which they are able to make the most of what they have with very little help from outsiders. This has awarded South African farmers with the reputation of being among the most efficient and innovative producers in the world.

South Africa Online ® provides an extensive variety of information from Crop growing in South Africa to farmers in South Africa and many more.

Crop Farming in South Africa

South Africa’s agricultural sector is one of the world’s most diverse, consisting of corporate and private intensive and extensive crop ...more

Livestock Farming in South Africa

Livestock farming in South Africa is a large part of the country's agricultural sector and includes the production of cattle, dairy, pigs, s...more

Organic Farming in South Africa aims to help farmers to operate in a more sustainable way by providing easy-to-read content on organic farming in South Af...more

Soft Skills for Farming

Young and new farmers are the future of South Africa’s agriculture. Apart from specific hard skills required by the various areas of farmi...more

Climate and Farming in South Africa

This range of articles on climate and farming in South Africa will explain some basic natural phenomena that can influence farming and the ...more

Farm Management in South Africa

Farmers in South Africa face changes on a daily basis and need to be able to adapt and manage droughts, escalating fuel prices, instability ...more


The commercial production of aquatic plants and animals is called aquaculture and can be divided into freshwater aquaculture and sea or salt...more

Food Processing in South Africa

A modern society living in a city relies more and more on the convenience of processed food. Living far from farms and having to commute to ...more

Farming Methods in South Africa

Many different ways of farming are used in South Africa, ranging from intensive to extensive and free-range, conventional to organic, biodyn...more

Crocodile Farming in South Africa

Crocodile farming can be a capital and time-intensive industry that needs to conform to various veterinary and legal requirements. Commercia...more