Viognier

Incazelo

I-Viognier iyinhlobonhlobo yewayini elimhlophe, elihlotshaniswa nezofuzo ezihlobene nomvini wasePiedmontese, u-Freisa. Igama lisuselwa egameni lesiCeltic vidu, elisho izinkuni.

Iziqalo

Izinhlobonhlobo zitholakala eDalmatia - eyaziwa njengeCroatia namhlanje - kusukela lapho uMbusi waseRoma uMarcus Aurelius Equitius Probus, okusolakala ukuthi, wayiyisa eFrance cishe ngo-280 AD.

Izinhlobonhlobo zazihlukunyezwe yi-phylloxera, eyayiqeda izivini zaseYurophu ngasekupheleni kwe-19th Century futhi zaphela zaphela. Eminyakeni yama-1980, ukuhlwanyela esiGodini saseRhone, ngaleso sikhathi okwakungaba cishe wonke ama-Viognier asetshenziselwa ukutshala emhlabeni, wenqaba ukuya kumahektha angu-20 kuphela.

Ukuthandwa kwewayini kuye kwanda kusukela ngaleso sikhathi nanamuhla, iViognier itshalwe ezindaweni eziningi zokukhiqiza iwayini zomhlaba.

Amanye Amagama

Igama loqobo lalinguVugava Bijela futhi liyaziwa nangokuthi uPitit Vionnier noVonnier.

Ukukhiqizwa eNingizimu Afrika

UCharles Emuva kwe-Fairview ePaarl kwakuyisandla sokushayela ekusungulweni kweViognier eNingizimu Afrika. Izinto zokuqala zezitshalo zangeniswa eNingizimu Afrika ngo-1989 futhi emuva kwaba umkhiqizi wokuqala wokutshala nokukhulula iwayini le-Viognier elibhalwe ngawo-1990.

Izifunda Zokukhiqiza

I-Viognier namanje ibonisa ingxenye encane yenani eliphelele ngaphansi kokukhiqizwa kwamagilebhisi e-South Africa. Lezi zinhlobonhlobo ziye zatshalwe kuzo zonke izifunda ezikhiqiza iwayini zezwe, kanye nokubalwa kwePaarl endaweni enkulu ngaphansi kokukhiqizwa, kulandelwa iSwartland neStellenbosch.

Ngenkathi izimila ezihlukahlukene ngaphansi kwezimo zezulu ezifudumayo, ama-flavour ewayini amaningi ayenziwa lapho ekhishwa ngaphansi kwezimo ezipholile, isibonelo emahlathini aseningizimu asezingeni eliphakeme noma lapho etshalwe ezindaweni ezitholakale eziphefumulweni zasehlobo ezipholile.

Ukukhula

Izinhlobonhlobo umlimi olinganiselayo, onokulinganisela kokuvuna okungaba ngu-6 t / ha kuya ku-8 t / ha.

Ukuvuthwa

Ivuthwa ekuqaleni, kusukela ekupheleni kukaJanuwari kuya kwengxenye yesibili kaFebhuwari.

Amajikijolo

Amajikijolo amhlophe aphuzi athola uboya obomvu obuphuzi uma uvuthiwe ngokugcwele. Amajikijolo amancane, ama-oval afakwe izikhumba ezincane. Inyama ine-ukunambitheka okunamnandi kakhulu.

Amahlamvu

Amaqabunga aphakathi, ajikeleze futhi ane-lobes amathathu kuya kwemihlanu.

Izinambuzane Nezifo

Imivini kufanele iqhutshwe ukuze igweme ukulimala kwelanga futhi iqinisekise ukungena okuhle ekukhanyeni. Izinhlobonhlobo zizwela phansi kwe-downy isikhutha futhi zingase zithuthukise i-botrytis uma itshalwe emhlabathini ovundile kakhulu.

Sebenzisa

Kuthengiswa njengewayini elilodwa le-varietal noma lihlanganiswe nezinye izinhlobo ezibomvu noma ezimhlophe, njenge-Chardonnay noma iShiraz.

Ukuzwa Emlomeni

Ama-clones aseNingizimu Afrika ahlotshaniswa nezimbali ze-orange, amaphisile, izithelo ezishisayo, uju kanye nezinongo ezingavamile.

Translated by Zodwa Makondo