Crop Farming in South Africa

© Surplus People Project
South Africa’s agricultural sector is one of the world’s most diverse, consisting of corporate and private intensive and extensive crop farming systems, including vegetable, fruit, nuts and grain production.

The well-developed commercial farming in South Africa is the backbone to the country’s agricultural economy. South African climate ranges from subtropical to Mediterranean, allowing for a multitude of farming opportunities. The country’s biodiversity ensures that products such as grains, fruit and wine are exported and preferred for its exceptional quality.

There is a growing demand to improve subsistence farming or informal small scale farming in South Africa. provides factual and well-researched content on a variety of topics relating to agriculture, translated into all 11 official South African languages.

These ‘how to’ guides on farming are original content written by researchers, lecturers and specialists in their field and will empower new farmers in South Africa to improve their farming in a sustainable and profitable way.

Beer Making in South Africa

Microbreweries and craft beer specialists have recently come to the forefront of beer making in South Africa. walks you through the process of making beer,...more

Cut-flowers in South Africa

Floriculture in South Africa is the production of non-indigenous flowers and foliage such as roses, carnations, chrysanthemums and grasses. Floriculture in South Africa includes the cultivated production and wild harvesting of fynbos or ‘Cape Flora’....more

Field Crops in South Africa

Because of the huge variation in climatic conditions, field crop production in South Africa may be divided into two main categories, namely summer crops and winter cereals....more

Fruit Farming in South Africa

From oranges and apples to table grapes and dragon fruit, South Africa is a land of fantastic fruit and one of the main fruit producing countries in the world....more

Herb Growing in South Africa

The description of plants as a herb generally refers to a group of plants that have been exploited by humans for their Aromatic, Culinary or Medicinal uses....more

How to Start Crop Farming

Before a farmer can begin their crop farming, they need to look at the resources available - water, land, funds and labour. This will affect the type of crop, time of planting, and size of planting....more

Organic Farming in South Africa aims to help farmers to operate in a more sustainable way by providing easy-to-read content on organic farming in South Africa....more

Soil Maintenance

As the world population is already at an above sustainable level it will become all the more important to protect the major renewable, sustaining natural elements of the earth....more

South African Indigenous Food Crops is providing well-researched content in all 11 South Africa languages to allow for all citizens to plant, harvest and enjoy the bounty of indigenous South Africa fruit, grains and vegetables....more

South African Medicinal Plants

South Africa is the third most biodiverse country in the world and inhabitants have for centuries employed the help of indigenous medicinal plants....more

South African Nuts

Rising demand for healthy food has resulted in a rapid expansion of the area under tree nut production in South Africa. The country’s diverse climatic conditions favours the production of a wide range of tree nuts...more

Sugar Production

More than 180 countries produce either sugarcane or sugar beet, with sugar cane accounting for almost 80% of production, as reported by to the International Sugar Organisation....more

Teas of South Africa

South Africa’s climate, which is temperate and semi-arid, is suitable for the production of two indigenous South African teas, rooibos and honeybush....more

Vegetable Farming in South Africa

Vegetable farming in South Africa is not simply a matter of throwing some seeds in the ground and waiting for perfect produce. Optimal conditions vary from plant to plant...more

Water Management

Seventy percent, of the earth’s surface, is covered by water. Ninety-seven percent of all water on earth is salt water. Less than three percent of all the water is fresh water....more


Wine was first produced in South Africa in the 1650s, Cape wine was sought after in the 18th and 19th centuries when, famously, Napoleon Bonaparte and Jane Austen respectively drank...more