Xhosa

© Dr Peter Magubane

Vito ra xi Xhosa ari vuli nchumu, ritirhisiwa eka tinxaka to hlawuleka ta xi Nguni, ma Pondo, ma Bomvana, vaThembu xikan’we na rixaka ra ma Xhosa hi roxe. Vanhu lava vulavulaka xi Xhosa kumbe Cape Nguni vakumeka exifundzheni xa Eastern Cape, kusuka e ndzelekanini wa KwaZulu-Natal kuya e Eastern Cape Zuurveld. Kuya hi matimu avari vahloti, varisi xikan’we na van’wamapurasi, lava ava tshamisekile ehansi ka vuhosi lebyi abyinga talangi tipolotiki, laha hinkwavo ava tekela enhlokweni hosinkulu.

Ma Xhosa, kufana na va Nguni, ririmi ra ndhuma kutlula rito ra xintu, akuri leri ari vulavuluvuriwa eminkoveniyale Fish, Keiskamma na Buffalo Rivers. Ntlawa wosungula wa vahlampfa va va Nguni kuva vafika e Afrika Dzonga akuri rixaka ra ma Xhosa (leri endliweke hi Gcaleka, Ngqika, Ndlambe na rixaka rava Dushane), va Thembu na ma Pondo.

Endzhaku kuta fika ntlawa wa vumbirhi wo vulavula xi Nguni wufikile e Zululand, kambe wu hlongoriwa hi hosi King Shaka. Ava tiviwa tani hiva Mfengu kutani ri mitiwa hi rixaka ra ma Xhosa. Vanhu lava vanga fika khale vavile rirhangu ra rixaka ra ma Xhosa, ntlawa wa vumbirhi hikukula e Afrika Dzonga. Vativeka tani hi rixaka leri tinyungubyisaka, hikuva avase tshama va hundzuriwa mahlonga kumbe ku hluriwa hi rixaka rin’wana.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni

Valehansi hi Ndzhavuko wa xi Xhosa

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Vukati hi Ndzhavuko wa xi Xhosa

Vukati kuya hi ndzhavuko abyi laviwa ehandle ka rixaka ra vona, leswi aswi hambanile swinene eka tinxaka ta va Nguni hiku angarhela....more

Nhluvuko wa ma Xhosa

Ma Xhosa vale Eastern Cape frontier akuri vona va vuhosi byo sungula bya Cape Nguni lebyi abyi siyiwe rivaleni eka vahlampfa va Europe, vahloti, vaxavisi...more

Ma Xhosa va Afrika Dzonga

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Tinxaka ta ma Xhosa na Vuhosi

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Milawu ya Ndzhavuko wa xi Xhosa

Ehandle ka nhlohletelo lowukulaka wa ndzhavuko wa xilungu, vanhu votala va ma Xhosa va ha yisa emahlweni ndzhavuko wa vona na maendlelo hinkwawo ya ndzhavuko....more

Tindlela ta Ndzhavuko to Kula ta xi Xhosa

Kwalomu ka150 wa malembe lawa yanga hundza kumbe ku tlula, vuhosi hinkwabyo byale Dzongeni wa Afrika na vanhu va Khoi-san ava endla ngoma ku lulamisela vantshwa, vaxinuna na vaxisati....more