Apples
Fruit Farming in South Africa

© Louise Brodie
Topred apples.

Apples are one of the most widely known and produced fruit types globally. Apple trees or Malus pumila originated in Central Asia and have been cultivated in Asia, Europe and North America for centuries.

Apple production and consumption are integral to many cultures and as a fruit, apples hold cultural significance in many cultures. Apples are deciduous fruit, which grows on trees. In South Africa apple trees blossom in spring and are fertilised by bees. The edible fruit also has an edible skin and develops through the spring and summer, ripening in late summer or early autumn.

Apple trees can be grown from seed but for commercial production, they are more commonly propagated by grafting the desired variety onto disease-resistant rootstocks. Different apple varieties are cultivated for different tastes as well as for specific purposes such as fresh consumption or cooking as well as for juice and cider production.

By Louise Brodie

Apple Production

The Western Cape in South Africa is the largest traditional apple production region and accounts for more than half of the apple production in the country....more

Apple Sales

Apples represent 30% of South Africa’s total deciduous fruit production and the total South African apple crop distribution is 44% to exports, 25% to domestic sales and 31% is processed. ...more

Apple Season

The South African apple season is counterseasonal to the Northern Hemisphere apple season, which means that South Africa is able to supply the northern hemisphere with apples outside their traditional late summer apple season....more

Apple Varieties

The traditional varieties of apples produced in South Africa for local consumption are Golden Delicious, Royal Gala, Braeburn and Granny Smith....more