Zwikhokhonono zwo no tswenya Nḓirivhe

© Prof Piet Goussard Winetech
Mealy bug damage in Chardonnay. Note the damage on leaves.
Zwikhokhonono zwo no tou tshinyadza vhukuma kha muri wa veini ndi zwine zwa vhidzwa grapevine mealy bugs, snout beetles na masunzi. Hezwi zwikhokhonono zwi dovha zwa vha na vhuledzani nga tsha zwo nga uri mushonga wo no langa unga vhulaya mungane wa tshinwe. Hezwi zwikhokhonono ngazwo zwi tshi fanela u langiwa zwoṱhe.

Zwikhokhonono zwo no wanala kha muri wa veini zwo ḓala ho kateliwa na:

Phylloxera
Nematodes
Margarodes or Ground Pearls
Grapevine Mealy Bugs
Masunzi
Snout Beetles
Bud mites
Erinose Mites
Snails
Long-horned Grasshoppers

Phylloxera

Phylloxera ndi tshivhungu tshiṱuku tshine tsha dzula kha mavu tsha vha tshi tshi khou tshila nga midzi ya muri wa nḓirivhe. Tshi vhonala nga maanḓa nga ṅwedzi wa Khubvumedzi uya kha Shundunthule. Kha inwe nyimelo tshi ya kona na u tshila nga maṱari tshi dzhiiwa sa tshithu tshine tsha ḽa maṱari nga matungo a o. Tshi vha tshi tshi khou gwa tshi tshi khou ṱoḓana na midzi ine ya vha uri ayo ngo khwaṱha. Phylloxera i vha hone kha mavu manzhi na miri ine midzi ya hone yo phaḓalala ndi yone ine ya vha na zwikhokhonono. Hei ndi miri ine ya hula ina midzi ya hone. Nḓila yo ḓoweleyaho ya u kona u langa hezwi ndi u tou shumisa mishonga ya midzi sa Ramsey.

Nematode

©Hans Hugo Winetech
Nematode damage on the root of a cover crop.
Nematodes hezwi ndi zwithu zwiṱuku vhukuma na hone zwine zwa tshinyadza midzi. Dzinwe dzi nematodes dzi dzula nga ngomu ha mudzi zwa ita uri mudzi usa tsha hula, ngeno dzinwe dzi tshi dzula mavuni dza kwama midzi nga nnḓa. Mishonga yo no shuma u langa nematodes i fanela u shumiswa ho thoma ha ṱoliwa mavu na midzi ya kona u shumiswa nga ndaela. U fana na kha phylloxera, nematode-unga shumisa mushonga wa u kona u i langa. Na zwinwe zwine zwa vha zwo vala mudzi sa African marigolds na oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus subsp. Oleiferus) dzi akona u shuma na nematode na mbalo yadzo. Nematode zwikhokhonono hezwi zwi vha zwi na vhuṱungu na hone dzi fanela u shumiswa nga u ṱhogomela huna muthu ane avha uri o lavhesa.

Translated By Khalirendwe Nekhavhambe