Colombar

© Glenneis Kriel

Incazelo

I-Colombar iyinhlobonhlobo yewayini elimhlophe eyaziwa kangcono ngokukhiqizwa kwewayini e-distilled, njenge-brandy ne-cognac. Ngenye yezinhlobonhlobo ezitshalwe kakhulu eNingizimu Afrika futhi yasungulwa kusukela ekuhambeni kweChenin blanc noHeunisch Weiss (owaziwa ngokuthi iGouias blanc).

Iziqalo

Bordeaux eFrance. Ezihlukahlukene, ngasekupheleni kwawo-1970, zalahlekelwa umusa eFrance, okuholela ekungaphezu kwesigamu sezimila ezixoshwa.

Amanye Amagama

Bon-blanc, Colombard, Colombier (France), French Colombard (California).

Ukukhiqizwa eNingizimu Afrika

Kutshalwe eNingizimu Afrika kusukela ngo-1920 futhi yayisetshenziselwa ngokuyinhloko iwayini eliyisisekelo sokukhiqizwa kwe-brandy kwaze kwaba ngawo-1970, lapho abenzi beCape Wine beyitholile ingaveza amawayini amnandi kakhulu okuphuza.

Izifunda Zokukhiqiza

Izinhlobonhlobo zihamba kahle ngaphansi kwezimo zezulu ezifudumele. Kutshalwe kuzo zonke izifunda ezikhiqiza iwayini eNingizimu Afrika, kanye noMfula u-Olifants, iNorthern Cape, uRobertson noBreedekloof ukubalwa kwezindawo ezinkulu ngaphansi kokukhiqizwa.

Ukukhula

Ungumlimi okhuthele, onokuvuna okulinganiselwa ku-15 t / ha kuya ku-20 t / ha. Izithelo eziphakeme zifinyelelwa kwezinye izindawo.

Ukuvuthwa

Amagilebhisi avuthwe phakathi kwe-midseason, kusukela engxenyeni yokuqala ka-Mashi.

Amajikijolo

Amajikijolo akhambisane nesikhova esifushane, esingajwayelekile kanye nohlaza oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, esinombala obomvu uma uvuthiwe ngokugcwele. Isikhumba sincane futhi sinzima, kanti inyama iqinile futhi ihlanzekile, enezinga eliphezulu le-acid uma livuthiwe.

Amahlamvu

©Glenneis Kriel
Amaqabunga ahlaza okwesibhakabhaka, aphakathi nendawo futhi azungeze cishe kufane nezinso.

Izinambuzane Nezifo

Izinhlobonhlobo zithinteka umonakalo womoya ngesikhathi sokuvuna kanye nesithwathwa entwasahlobo. Kuyinto enamandla ngokumelene botrytis, downy isikhutha kanye powdery isikhutha. Imiphumela emihle ifinyelela lapho izivini ziqhutshwa.

Sebenzisa

Kungasetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwewayini elilodwa le-varietal, iwayini elichithiwe, njenge-brandy, iwayini elikhazimulayo noma iwayini elihlanganisiwe.

Ukuzwa Emlomeni

Izinhlobonhlobo zikhiqiza i-brandy enhle kakhulu newayini nge-flavour ekhanda.

Translated by Zodwa Makondo