Colombar

© Glenneis Kriel

Nhlamuselo

Colombar i wayeni yo basa leyi tivekaka swinene hiku humelerisa ti wayeni ta distilled, ku fana na brandy xikanwe na cognac. Yi wela eka swimilani leswi byariwaka swinene laha tikweni ra Afrika Dzonga naswona yive kona endzhaku kaloko ku pfanganyisiwe Chenin blanc na Heunisch Weiss (leyi yitiveka tani hi Gouias blanc).

Ntumbuluko

Bordeaux in France. Kuve na kuhambana, kwalolmuya kava 1970s, kuva na kulahlekeriwa hi ntsakelo e Furwa/France, leswinga endla leswaku kwalomu ka hafu ya swimilani leswi switsuvuleriwa.

Mavito Yanwana

Bon-blanc, Colombard, Colombier (France), French Colombard (California).

Vuhumelerisi e Afrika Dzonga

Minsinya leyi yibyariwile e Afrika Dzonga kusukela hi malembe yava 1920s naswona ayitirhisiwa ntsena ku humelerisa wayeni leyi endlaka brandy kufikela hi malembe yava 1970s, loko va endli va wayeni vale Cape vakume leswaku vanga humelerisa ti wayeni ta kahle swinene.

Tindhawu ta Vuhumelerisi

Nsinya wakona wukota ku hanya kahle eka maxelo yokufumela. Yi byariwa eka tindzhawu leti humelerisaka wayeni laha Afrika Dzonga, kufana nale Olifants River, Northern Cape, Robertson nale Breedekloof laha kungana minsinya yotala ya muxaka lowu.

Kukula

Nsinya wakona wakula swinene, laha hixitalo wukotaka ku fika eka 15 t/ha kuya eka 20 t/ha. Minsinya yotala yakumeka eka tindzhawu tinwana.

Kuvupfa

Madiriva lawa ya vupfa se kuri khale exikarhi ka nguva kusukela eka xiphemu xosungula xa nhweti ya March.

Mihandzu

Mihandzu yakona yana xivumbeko xa xirhendzevutani, ayi kulanga ngopfu naswona iya xitshopani nyana kuya eka rihlaza kasi ya cinca kuya eka purple loko yi vupfile. Nhlonge yakona yilarile no vevuka kasi swalendzeni swifuwile nova na mati yakahle swinene leswingana acid yale henhla loko yi vupfile.

Matluka

©Glenneis Kriel
Matluka ya wona iya rihlaza ro dzwihala, aya kulanga ngopfu naswona iya xirhendzevutani nyana yava na xivumbeko xa tinsu.

Switsotswani na Mavabyi

Muxaka lowu wa nsinya wukarhatiwa ngopfu hi moya eka nguva ya ntshovelo xikanwe na gwitsi hi ximunwana. Leswi wukotaka swinene kuswikondelela i switsotswana na mavabyi ya botrytis, downy mildew na powdery mildew. Mbuyelo wa kahle wuvakona loko swirhapa swa madiriva swi seketeriwa hi timhandzi.

Switirhisiwa

Yitirhisiwa kuhumelerisa tiwayeni to karhi, distilled wines, to fana na brandy, ti wayeni ta sparkling kumbe ti wayeni ta blended.

Nantswo

Mihandzu leyi yihumelerisa brandy na wayeni swa kahle swinene leswingana minantswo yo hambana hambana.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni