Ku veka tihlo eka ti hops leti kulaka

© Chris Daly

Nkarhi wun’wana endzhaku kaku byala ti hop rhizomes, swimilani swita humelela kusuka ehansi ka misava. Ti hops timila eka ti bines (tihambana na misinya hikuva leswaku yisonga songana hi marhavi, yinga tirhisi ti tendrils kumbe ti suckers) leswi lavaka ku lulamisiwa leswaku swi khandziya kuya e henhla. Loko se swidyondzisiwile eka trellis leyi seketelaka kumbe hop twine kutani tita sungula kukula hindlela ya anticlockwise tona hi toxe. Kwalomu ka 4-6 wa misinya yifanele ku huma eka ximilani/rhizome yin’we.

Languta ximilani xa wena kutiyisisa leswaku akuna nchumu lexinga onheka kumbe swirhabyani leswinga tiyangiki. Unga pfumeleli kuva swirhabyani swi songasongana endzhawini yin’we hikuva leswi swita endla leswaku kuva na kutlhuma endzhawini yin’we leswingata onha ndzhuti kumbe kutlhuma ngopfu. Kambela matluka minkarhi hinkwayo ku kamba loko powdery white mildew yingari kona kutani u kamba na switsotswana swofana nati aphids.

CKambela misava laha tlhelo ka ximilani xa wena kutani u hlakula nhova leyinga kona na thyaka leringa sivelaka kukula ka swimilani. U fanele ku tiyisisa leswaku misava yitshama yirikarhi yitsakama, hambiswiritano, u tlhogomela leswaku unga cheleti ngopfu swimilani swa wena. Cheleta swimilani swa wena namixo ku pfumelela leswaku matluka ya kota ku oma exikarhi ka siku. Unga kambela hi minkarhi ku vona leswaku akuna ku oma leswi swingana nkoka swinene.

Ku tlhoma matihlo eka ximilani xa wena swina nkoka kuva ukota ku vona swiphiqo leswinga kotaka ku hatla swikumeka naku lulamisiwa.

Ku hlayisa ximilani xa Hops

©Chris Daly
Loko swimilani swihlomuka emisaveni hiwona nkarhi wakuva u sungula ku hlayisa swimilani swati hops. Swimilani swiva swilulamerile ku leteriwa loko swiri eka 15 cm kuya e henhla. Swinga leteriwa hikuva switsondzeriwa kahle hi vukheta eka trellis kumbe hop twine. Leswi swilava ku endliwa kuringana masiku nyana lawa landzelaka, endzhaku kasweswo swimilani swita ti endlela hi swoxe hindlela ya anticlockwise naswona swinga tlhomiwa tihlo himinkarhi hinkwayo.

Loko ximilani xirikarhi xikula swina nkoka kuva u susa tinloko letinga tiyangiki kumbe letinga vaviseka. Loko ti hops tikurile kuringana tinhweti nyana, i miehleketo yakahle kuva u tsemeta matluka kusuka e hansi kwalomu ka 60 cm ya ximilani kusivela mavabyi na disease na fungus. Unga cheleta naku nyunyetela manyoro eka swimilani swa ti hops hi minkarhi, kuya hiku ku laveka yini. Hlakula nhova hinkwayo na thyaka leringavaka kona ekusuhi na swimilani.

Loko u vona powdery white mildew e hansi ka matluka yan’wana, ya tsemi hiku hatlisa kutani uya chela e handle ka ndzhawu ya wena. Unga tirhisa swidlaya switsotswana swa ntumbuluko ku lawula ti aphids na swin’wana leswinga kavanyetaka swimilani swa wena. Hlayisa swimilani swa wena kufikela ti hops ti lulamela ku tshoveriwa e mahelweni ya ximumu.

Ku tshovela Hops

©Chris Daly
Nkarhi waku tshovela ti hops wuta hambana kuya hilaha unga kona na nguva yakona, hambiswiritano ntshovelo wutala kuva kona e Afrika Dzonga hi ximumu. U fanele ku kamba matluka ya swimilani swa wena tani hi xikombiso xa leswaku matluka ya lulamerile ku tshoveriwa.

Loko matluka yati hops ya sungula ku cinca muhlovo kuya eka buraweni naku hundzuka phepha laha makumu ka wona swivula leswaku ya ringanerile ku tshoveriwa. Ku tiyisisa sweswo, kutani unga pfula hop cone ku vona loko yiringanerile. Ti lupulin glands exikarhi (core) tifanele tiva xitshopani kutani ti damarhela. Khana ti hops letinga lulamela kutani u tshika letinga lulamangiki. Tiyisisa leswaku awu tshoveli ti hops loko tinga lulamelanga kumbe ku vupfa hikuva leswi swita sivela kuva ti endla ntirho lowu hetisekeke naku tisa nantswo lowu lavekaka eka biya.

Ku tshovela ti hops, u fanele ku hundzuluxa ti hop cones kusuka laha tinga huma kona.

Ku omisa Hops yita tirhisiwa

©Chris Daly.
Loko u tshovele mihandzu yati hops u fanele kuti neka ti oma leswaku tita tirhisiwa. Veka ti hops letinga vupfa eka ndzhawu leyinga levele. Tiyisisa leswaku tishame eka ndzhawu leyi ringanelaka naswona tile kule na miseve ya dyambu. Loko tirikarhi ti oma, tihundzuluxi kutiyisisa leswaku ti omile matlhelo hinkwawo. Ntirho lowu wufanele kuyisiwa emahlweni wu endliwa kufikela loko ti hops ti omile tihelela- leswi hiloko endzeni ka tona ku tiyele kuringana ku tshoveka kungari ku petseka. Ti hops letinga oma tinga hlayisiwa eka xibye lexinga ngheneki moya endzeni ka xigwitsirisi kufikela ulava kuti tirhisa.

Switirhisiwa swinwana swa Hops ehandle ka biya

©Chris Daly
Ti hops ti tiveka hiku tirhisiwa ku endla byalwa, kambe tinga tirhisiwa ku endla swin’wana.

Ti hops ti tirhisiwa eka minxaka yin’wana ya mirhi nakuva yitshungula kumbe ku herisa insomnia, ku hunguta anxiety xikan’we naku pfuneta eka mpfuvelo xikan’we na swin’wana. Vulavisisi bya endliwaku tiva leswaku tinga herisa swikoweto swakuva emasikwini na menopause.

Ku engetelela kwalano ti tirhisiwa tani hi swilaveko eka ku endla byalwa, ti hops nkarhi wun’wana titirhisiwa tani hi swicheriwa eka swakudya swin’wana xikan’we na switolwa swantumbuluko naswona tinga tlhela titirhisiwa ku endla maphepha yantolovelo.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni