Matshwao a Mafu a Dipodi

©Alan R Walker
Ho shwelwa ke diphoofolo tse ngata ho ka thibelwa ha ho fumanwa matshwao a mafu pele. Ho bohlokwa hore o boloke mohlape wa hao letsatsi le leng le le leng. Batla diphoofolo tse tepeletseng maikutlo, di robala fatshe, di itlhohle, di se ke tsa ja kapa tsa nwa kapa tsa itshwara ka tsela e makatsang jwaloka ho kgaola hlooho kapa ho kgaola matsoho. Ka ho etsa jwalo, o tla kgona ho hlokomela malwetse ka matshwao a bontshitsweng.
Malwetse a mang a thata ho kgetholla hobane bongata ba oona bo na le matshwao a tshwanang.

Malwetse a ka bakwa ke dibaktheria, dikokwana-hloko, dikokonyana tse phelang diphoofolong le mahlahana a mang a sa tshwaetsanweng. Matshwao a malwetse a thathamisitsweng a ka nna a thusa ho bona bolwetse boemong ba pele. Haeba o belaela taba e tebileng ho podi ya hao, ho molemo ho ikopanya le ngaka ya hao ya diphoofolo.

Matshwao a tlwaelehile le Malwetse a ka Kgonehang

Mmele o sa tlwaelehang o fokolang: Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)

Ho hema ho sa tlwaelehang: Acidosis, Chefo ya nitrate / Nitrite, Lefuba (M. tuberculosis),Verminous Pneumonia (Dictyocaulus filaria), Anthrax, Caprine Pleuropneumonia e tshwaetsanang, Melioidosis, Ho kodiswa ke dinto tse itseng / Dikokonyana tse lomang, Ho buduloha, Metsi a Pelo

Lebese le sa tlwaelehang: Mastitis, Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE), Enterotoxemia

Anaemia: Coccidiosis, Barber pole worm, Blood Parasite –(Anaplasmosis), Dinta, Matsetse kapa Diboseleise,Caseous lymphadenitis, Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), Kgaello ya Koporo, Babesiosis (Metsi a makgubedu), Flukes kapa Flatworms (Dikokwana-hloko tsa ka hare), Mpa le Manyowa a mala, Trypanosomiasis

Anorexia: Caseous lymphadenitis, Listeriosis, Mastitis, Boimana ba toxemia (ketosis), Urolithiasis (Metsi a mpa /cystitis), Pneumonia, Caprine Pleuropneumonia e tshwaetsanang

Monkgo o mobe: Footrot, Coccidiosis

Bofofu: Inotoxemia, Coccidiosis (Dikokwana-hloko tsa ka hare), Polioencephalomalacia

Ho buduloha: Acidosis, Chefo ya Urea

Madi Lebeseng: Mastitis

Madi Morotong: Urolithiasis (Metsi a mpa / cystitis), Babesiosis (Metsi a makgubedu)

Ho lahlehelwa ke madi: Dinta, Manyowa a Mpa le Mala

Letshollo le Madi: Anthrax, Enterotoxemia, Coccidiosis (Dikokwana-hloko tsa ka hare), Malwetse a Dinko tsa Nairobi

Lebotlo la mohlahare: Fluke ya Sebete,(Barber pole worm),Parasitic gastroenteritis, Manyowa a Mpa le Mala

Ho pipitlelwa: Manyowa, Feberu ya Lebese

Diso tse chitja (sefahleho, mahetla, molala, mahlo): fungus

Ho khohlela kapa ho thimola: Lefuba (M. tuberculosis),Verminous Pneumonia (Dictyocaulus filaria), serame sa matshwafo, Caprine Pleuropneumonia e tshwaetsanang

Ho lla kgafetsa: Ho buduloha

Dandruff ya Letlalo: Mange (Sarcoptes, Demodatic and Psoroptes)

Ho fellwa ke metsi mmeleng: Coccidiosis, Acidosis, Barber pole worm, Peste Des Petits Ruminants

Ho tepella maikutlo: Listeriosis,Mastitis, Toxemia ya boimana (ketosis), Urolithiasis (Water Belly/cystitis), Encephalomalacia (PEM) /Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), Lefu la bohlanya la dintja, Serame sa matshwafo, Anthrax, Colibacillosis (Scours), Johne’s Disease, Melioidosis, Milk Fever, Enterotoxemia, Babesiosis (metsi a kgubelu), Heartwater

Letshollo/Scours: Enterotoxemia, Coccidiosis, Chlamydial Abortion, Johne’s Disease (M. Paratuberculosis), Sebete sa Fluke, (Barber pole worm)-Parasitic gastroenteritis, Tapeworm, Brucellosis, Acidosis, Stomach le Intestine Roundworms, Peste Des Petits Ruminants

Lero le tsang leihlong (Ocular discharge): Pinkeye, Verminous pneumonia (Dictyocaulus filaria), Agalactia e tshwaetsanang

Ho tsekela: Insecticides (Aldrin, Endrin Chlordane le Dieldrin)

Ditsebe tse leketlang: Listeriosis

Matheba a ommeng Letlalong: Mafu a fungal (Setlapedu), Mange

Salivation e feteletseng: Listeriosis, Allergies/Insect Stings, Rabies

Feberu: Caseous lymphadenitis, Mastitis, Coccidiosis, Goat Pox, Hemorrhagic Septicaemia (P. multocida), Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), Pneumonia, Anthrax, contagious Agalactia, contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia, Listeriosis, Melioidosis, Babesiosis (Red Water), Heartwater, Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Nairobi Sheep Disease

Frothing (lekweba molomong): Rabies, Ho pipitlelwa, Caprine Pleuropneumonia e tshwaetsanang

Ho Tskitlanya ha Meno: Coccidiosis

Ho lahlehelwa ke moriri: Mange (Sarcoptes, Demodatic and Psoroptes), Setlapedu (Fungus)

Ho sunya hloho: Enterotoxemia

Ho ruruha pakeng tsa menwana ya maoto: Footrot, Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang

Ho ruruha ha di follicles tsa moriri: Setlapedu (Fungus)

Ho hlohlona: Dinta, Mange

Ho holofala: Footrot, Mafu a malwetswe a maoto le molomo, Brucellosis

Mokgathala: Barber pole worm, Mastitis, Acidosis, Urolithiasis (Metsi a mpa)

Ho robala / ho sitwa ho phahama: Grass Staggers, Boimana ba Toxemia, Enterotoxemia

Ho lahlehelwa ke takatso ya dijo: Coccidiosis, Anthrax, Mastitis, Rabies, Contagious Agalactia, Johne’s Disease, Listeriosis, Melioidosis, Ho pipitlelwa, Encephalomalacia/Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), Urolithiasis (Metsi a mpa), Metsi a pelo, Peste Des Petits Ruminants, Goat Pox

Tlhahiso e tlaase ya lebese: Barber pole worm, ho bola ha maoto, Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang, Coccidiosis, Caseous Lymphadenitis (CL), Copper deficiency, Johne’s Disease, Streptothricosis, Ho pipitlela, (Kokwana-hloko ya madi) - Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis (Metsi a makgubedu), Dinta, Manyowa a mala le mpa, Rabies, Rift Valley Fever

Ho hlahisa ho tlaase: (Kokwana-hloko ya madi) - Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis (Metsi makgubedu)

Kotola: Mange

Lero dinkong: Verminous Pneumonia (Dictyocaulus filaria), Pneumonia, contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia, Melioidosis, Nairobi Sheep Disease, Peste Des Petits Ruminants, Goat Pox

Ho tshoha / ho thothomela: Grass Staggers

Bohloko ho ntsha metsi: Urolithiasis (Mpa ya Metsi)

Pale Mucus Membrane: Barber pole worm

Ho shwa ditho /ho shwa ditho tse hanyane: Listeriosis

Boemo bo bobe: Coccidiosis, Barber pole worm, molomo o bohloko, Babesiosis (Metsi a makgubedu), Flukes or flatworms (dikokwana-hloko tsa ka hare), Dinta, Manyowa a mpa le mala

Mahlo a makgubedu: Pink Eye

Rough or Dull Hair Coats: Coccidiosis, Baber pole worm, Liver Fluke, Copper deficiency, Johne’s Disease, Scrapie, Goat Pox

Salivation / Kotsi: Rabies, Encephalomalacia/ Polioencephalomalacia (PEM), Listeriosis

Kgoo kapa machachetsi ka molomo: Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang (molomo o bohloko), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Peste Des Petits Ruminants, Goat Pox

Kgoo (Mmele): Mange, Goat Pox

Ho hlohlona haholo: Mange

Machachetsi a manyane (menwana): Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Mohlamu o bohloko: Anthrax

Setho sa bosadi se bohloko: Anthrax

Diso (Mahlong): Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang (molomo o bohloko)

Diso (Scrotum): Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang (molomo o bohloko)

Diso (Setho sa bosadi): Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang (molomo o bohloko)

Diso lerameng: Rift Valley Fever

Diso Leleme: Rift Valley Fever

Diso (Ditsebeng): Ecthyma e tshwaetsanang (molomo o bohloko)

Kgatello ho ntsha metsi: Urolithiasis (Metsi mpeng)

Swallow Belly/Hay belly: Liver Fluke

Ho ruruha manonyeletso: Brucellosis, Contagious Agalactia, Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Syndrome

Ho ruruha makwalateng: Brucellosis

Ho thothomela hohle: Chefo ya Urea, kgaello ya Koporo, Enterotoxemia,Scrapie

Ho ruruha ha tlhoko: Mastitis, Agalactia e tshwaetsanang

Ulcerative Lesions (Ka hare ha molomo o ka tlaase/ marenene): Peste Des Petits Ruminants

Lero le tlwaelehileng ho tswa hara botshehadi: Mastitis

Ho hlatsa: Milk Fever

Loss Weight / Off Feed: Footrot, Caseous lymphadenitis, Stomach and Intestine Roundworms, Johne’s Disease (M. Paratuberculosis), Tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), Copper deficiency, Streptothricosis, Barber pole worm, Coccidiosis (Internal parasite), Trypanosomiasis, Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Syndrome

Diboko: Barber pole worm, Flukes or Flatworms (dikokwana-hloko tsa ka hare), Stomach and Intestine roundworms, Setlapedu, Tapeworm

Translated by Bongani Matabane