Swiphiqo swa Nhlonge ya Tinguluve - Mavabyi

Mavabyi ya Greasy pig na diamond skin i mavabyi lawakulu swinene lawa khomaka naku hlasela nhlonge ya tinguluve. Hivumbirhi kawona ya vangiwa hiti bacteria naswona yanga siveriwa hi matikhomelo lawa yanga basa.

Mavabyi ya Greasy Pig

©National Pork Board, USA
Mavabyi ya Greasy pig, lawa yativekaka tani hi exudative epidermitis, ya vangiwa hi swilo swotala swa Staph Hyicus bacteria. Kuya hi tsalwa ra National Animal Disease Information Service, Pig Health – Greasy Pig Disease, bacteria leyi yihanya eka nhlonge ya nguluve, kambe yita lava nsunsumeto kuva yivanga mavabyi. Nsunsumeto lowu kungava swin’wana na swin’wana kusuka eka kuvaviseka ka nhlonge, mavabyi yan’wana, vulongo eka nhlonge kumbe kutsakama lokukulu loku tisaka ndzhongho eka nhlonge ya tinguluve laha ti bacteria tinga andzaka.
Mavabyi lawa yanga endla kuva nhlonge yiva na swilo swa orenji, buraweni kuya ka ntima enhlokweni na miri wa tinguluve naswona hixitalo swihlasela tinguluve letintsongo laha tikatsaka leti taha mamaka kumbe se tilumuriwaka. Mavabyi lawa yava na nghozi swinene eka swingulubyani leswintsongo, laha ya endlaka leswaku swiomeriwa swinene. Eka tinguluve letikulu ya endla leswaku swilondza swihlwela ku hola leswi hetelelaka swi onha nhlonge e abattoir.
Kutshungula
Ku tirhisiwa ka shampoo kumbe xisibi swinga pfuna ku susa xikan’we naku dlaya tin’wana ta ti bacteria, kambe tinguluve titala kulava kutirhiseriwa ti antibiotics. Vutisa Dokodela wa swifuwo kukuma switsundzuxo xaleswaku unga tirhisa ti antibiotic tihi, ku lwisana na muxaka wokarhi wati bacteria letinga tona tivangaka mavabyi yokarhi. Nhlayiso wufanele wuva kona ku nyikela swingulubyana leswinga hlaseriwa hi mati yoringanela xikan’we nati electrolytes kusivela ku omeriwa.
Tinguluve letingana mavabyi ya greasy skin tifanele ku hambanyisiwa na leti tinga hava mavabyi yalawo kusivela ku hangalaka ka bacteria leyi. Mabaselo ya kahle ya fanele ku endliwa leswaku nhlayo ya mavabyi ya greasy disease lawa ya vangaka bacteria yiva e hansi swinene. Xivangelo xa kuhlaseriwa hi mavabyi lawa xifanele ku langutisisiwa kusivela kuhangalaka ka wona kuya emahlweni, kungava ku vaviseka ka nhlonge kumbe mavabyi yan’wana, xiyimo xoka xinga basangi kumbe xiyimo xa maxelo lexi vangaka kutsakama eka nhlonge ya tinguluve.

Mavabyi ya Diamond Skin

Mavabyi ya Diamond skin, lawa yativekaka tani hi Erysipelas, ya vangiwa hi Erysipelothrix rhusiophathiae bacterium, leyi kumekaka eka mapurasi yotala ya tinguluve. Kuya hi tsalwa ra Pig Site’s Quick Disease Guide, kufikela eka 50% ya swiharhi swingava na bacteria leyi eka tonsils. Vulongo lebyingana yona hibyona xivangelo nkulu xa nhlaselo, kambe byinga tlhela byi hangalaka hi mitsakamisi.
Mavabyi ya Diamond skin yatala kuhlasela tinguluve leti taha kulaka. Loko bacterium yona hiyoxe yivanga mavabyi lawa naswona kuhangalaka swinga susumetiwa hi mavabyi yan’wana.
Mavabyi ya Diamond skin yotshuka ya humelerile swinga languteriwanga naswona yanga vanga rifu leringa languteriwangiki hikwalaho ka acute septicaemia kumbe kuyima ka mbilu. Vito ra kona risukela eka xivumbeko xa swipatsu swotshuka swa diamond leswivaka kona eka tingulluve, leswivangiwaka hikuva kungaha fiki kahle ngati. Tindzhawu takona tinga hundzuka tantima hikokwalaho ka kufa ka nhlonge, kambe kotala yahola eka masiku ya nkombo kuya eka khume.
Ehandle ka swipatsu leswi swa diamond, tinguluve letinga hlaseriwa titala kuva na mukhulhwani. Eka leti ta xisati tona ti lahlekeriwa hi ndzhwalo, swingulubyani swivelekiwa swilovile, kasi eka ta xinuna tisungula kuva tingaha tswali hikokwalaho ka mavabyi lawa.
Kutshungula
Swiharhi leswinga hlaseriwa swifanele kutshunguriwa hi penicillin. Kombela switsundzuxo eka Dokodela wa swifuwo kutwa leswaku u tsundzuxa leswaku kunga tirhisiwa yina naswona hi ndlela yihi. Kuna murhi wunga kona lowunga tirhisiwaka kusivela kuhangalaka ka mavabyi lawa.
Tinguluve letingana mavabyi ya diamond skin tifanele ti hambanyisiwa na letinga hanya kahle ku sivela kuhangalaka ka bacteria kuya eka tinguluve tin’wana. Mabaselo ya kahle yafanele ku landzeleriwa kuhunguta vukona bya bacteria leyi. Xivangelo xaku khomiwa hi mavabyi lawa xifanele ku lwisiwa kusivela kuhangalaka ka wona, kuvaviseka ka nhlonge, mavabyi yan’wana, xiyimo xoka xinga basangi.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni

External Parasites

Mange, pig louse, swigalani na tinhongani hiswinwana swa switswonga ngati swale handle leswi endlaka leswaku nhlonge yikarhateka leswinga endlaka leswaku kuva na ku lahlekeriwa eka kuhumelerisa....more

More External Parasites

Swigalani swovevuka swinga hanya exivaleni xatinguluve, eminkeleni yatinguluve ta nhova na le makaya ya vanhu kasi leswo tsindziyela swikumeka laha swiharhi swidyelaka kona...more

Sunburn and Injury

Nguluve leyi hanyeke kahle yi basile, yiva na nhlonge yovevuka. Kuya hi tsalwa ra Pork Producers Production Organisation’s Pigs for profit manual. Swinwana swihoxekile loko...more