Ku lulamisa Misava

© Louise Brodie
Before planting grapes, soil should be as even as possible to ensure that the vines is even in terms of quality and ripening.

Nkatsakanyo wo lulamisela misava

Kululamisela misava swiendliwa hikuva kurimiwa misava yoleyo loko nsimu ya madiriva yingaseva kona. Leswi aswifanelanga kuva switekiwa onge iku lawula misava leswi kunga kutiyisisa leswaku misava ayi lahlekeriwi hileswi yingana swona endzhaku kaloko nsimu ya madiriva yitumbuluxiwile. Hambi leswi nkambisiso wa misava wufaneleke ku endliwa hi mutivi, anga kota kumikomba loko kuriku ndzhawu yaleyo yina misava yohambana kumbe kufana, laha maendlelo yokarhi yanga tekiwaka. Leswi swinga vula leswaku ematshan’wini yaku ku endliwa nsimu leyikulu ya madiriva kungava na swinsin’wana swimbiri leswinga tumbuluxiwaka kuya hi khwalithi ya misava yoleyo.

Xin’wani xa swikongomelo swankoka swaku lulamisela misava ikuva ku endliwa leswaku misava yiringanela kutiyisisa leswaku masimu yamadiriva yaringana xikanwe na nkarhi wantshovelo wufana. Nkambelo wa misava na vulavisisi hi vativi va timhaka ta misava swina nkoka swinene hikuva leswi swita endla leswaku kutirhisiwa maendlelo lawa yanga fanela kuya hileswinga lerisiwa. Swifanele kulangutisisiwa leswaku kunga tisiwi misava ya vumba laha henhla loko kuri ekululamiseriweni ka misava leyi, hiletlhelo timitsu taleswi aswibyariwe khale tifanele kususiwa.

Loko kuri kululamisiweni ka misava, leswi misava yi xotaka swona swifanele kululamisiwa naswona. Vativi eka timhaka ta misava vata tirhisa nkambisiso wa vona no lemukisa leswifaneleke ku endliwa kululamisa leswi xotaka eka yona. Laha kukumekaka munyu emisaveni, swifanele kululamisiwa hinkarhi wolowo naku tiyisisa leswaku mati yakota kudzika ehansi. Gypsum i swicheriwa swinwani leswi cheriwaka emisaveni leswaku swita ngetelela calcium eka yona. Misava leyiteleke acid nayona yilulamisiwa hikuva yikatsiwa lime hinkarhi lowu wa ndzulamiso wa misava leswaku acid yingavi yitele.

Mbuyelo wo lulamisa misava

Kugandliwa ka misava aswifanelanga kuvakona loko kululamisiwa misava. Ku enta ka misava leswaku timintsu tita kota kudzika ehansi naswona swifanele ku endliwa. Loko se swikumekile leswaku kuna swipimelo swokarhi eka misava yaleyo, swipimelo sweswo swifanele kululamisiwa nkarhi wolowo kunga se ya byariwa. Leswi swivula leswaku ti chemical leti ati xota loko kulangutisisiwa misava leyi tifanele ku lulamisiwa.

Ku lawula Nematode, loko swirina nkoka, swifanele kuendliwa nsimu yingase sunguriwa. Xivumbeko xa misava xinga antswisiwa hikuva ku engeteleriwa manyoro na swakudya leswi misava yiswilavaka leswaku yitava yilulamile loko kuya byariwa swimilani. Manyoro ya hunguta ntikelo wamisava naswona swiendla leswaku kuva tixikwa na swivungu swinwana leswi hanyaka emisaveni.