Klipspringer

© Nigel Dennis

Name

Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus)
The Klipspringer gets its name from the Afrikaans for ‘rock jumper’ which describes the animal’s ability to move freely in rocky territory, seemingly on tiptoe.

Appearance

The klipspringer of South Africa weighs 11-13 kg and stands 500-600 mm high at the shoulder. This antelope has a small, and stocky build, with round ears placed at the far back of the head that have prominent dark inner markings. Their coats have a coarse texture and come in shades of grey, yellow, brown and red with a white underbelly.

They have large black preorbital glands with white patches found around the chin and mouth areas. The female klipspringer is slightly larger than the male. Males have short horns that are ringed at the base.

Predators

The klipspringer is preyed upon by most big predators found in South Africa. These include lions, leopard, jackals and the spotted hyena. The klipspringer calves are vulnerable to big eagles and baboons due to their small size. The klipspringers are always on the alert for predators, as they have to forage far from their shelters. They are always aware of alarm calls made by other animals and react to danger by running to higher ground with the female in the lead. Once the klipspringers are safe, they send alarm calls out in duets.

Klipspringer Diet

The klipspringer rarely feeds on grass. They prefer to browse on a variety of shrubs, flowers, shoots and fruits found out in the wild of South Africa. They are not dependent on water.

Klipspringer Breeding

Lambs are born during the spring and summer months in South Africa, after a gestation period of six months. The klipspringer young reaches maturity at one year old, after which they are expelled from the group.

A single young is born anytime during the year after a gestation period of 7 months.

Klipspringer Behaviour

The klipspringer lives in groups of about eight individuals, with males and females forming lasting bonds. Klipspringers are territorial and strongly defend their permanent territories in South Africa.

Klipspringer Habitat

The klipspringers are limited to the rocky, mountainous areas of South Africa. This environment makes it easy for the light-footed klipspringer to escape from predators.

The klipspringers are located in the Zoutpansberg and Lebombo mountain ranges and foothills, along the Kuiseb River in the Namib Desert, lower Orange River in South Africa. They are also found in the mountains of the Western Cape. They are rarely found in the Drakensberg mountain range.

Vital Statistics

Weight (Female): 11-16 kg
Weight (Male): 9-12 kg
Length (Female): 82 cm
Length (Male): 82 cm
Gestation Period: 7 months
No of Young : 1 lamb
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Horns: 10 cm (record - 16 cm)

Spoor Description

The klipspringer has rounded hooves, with long, narrow soles and blunt rounded tips. The klipspringer walks on the very tips of their hooves that are rounded to adapt to the rocky terrains of South Africa.