Swiphiqo swa Timbuti Emadyelweni

© Chris Daly

Mpfimbelo eka Timbuti

Loko kuve timbuti atinga dyeli emadyelweni khale, tinghenise kantsongo ntsongo hiku tipfumelela kuva tiya dya kuringana 30 wa timinete ntsena eka siku rosungula. Engetelela nkarhi hi 30 wa timinete siku rin’wana na rin’wana. Leswi swita sivela mpfimbelo lowu vangiwaka hiku cinciwa ka swakudya. Mpfimbelo wuhumelela loko moya wu pfalelelkile endzeni ka khwiri naswona swivonaka hikuva kukukumukile eka tlhelo ra ximatsi. Lexi i xiyimo lexinga koxaka vutomi. Mpfimbelo woo ma wu vangiwa hiku dya swakudya swotala swati grain. Leswi swinga tshunguriwa hiku endla leswi vange i stomach tubing (hi xihatla), mimirhi ya oral bloat kumbe Milk of Magnesia. Famba fambisa mbuti kuringana nkarhi nyana kutani uyi phamela hay yo oma. Frothy bloat yona yi vangiwa hiku dya ngopfu lush, swakudya swotsakama swofana na clover, alfalfa kumbe madyelo yati legume. Swibolwani swa moya leswi vangekaka aswi koteki kuva mbuti yiswihumesela e handle.

Kuva u tshungula mpfimbelo wa frothy bloat, Dr Mackie Hobson wa South African Mohair Growers' Association u hlohletela leswaku:

Nyika mbuti vegetable oil (20 kuya eka 100 ml) kungava e nonweni kumbe hi chupu. Tshungula Bloat Guard ku fayelela froth. Leswi swita pfuna kuhumesa moya lowu naswona kuta engeteleleka ntshikelelo wa mati ya khwiri. Yinyike off-licence ya kwalomu ka 10 ml ya timbuti. (Eka tihomu leti tikaka 200 kg, mpimo wutava 30 ml ya Bloat Guard.) Ku tlakusiwa ka milenge yale mahlweni ya mbuti swinga pfuna ku humesa moya endzhaku ka vutshunguri bya Bloat Guard.

Swimilani Leswingana Phoyizeni eka Timbuti

©Dr Mackie Hobson
Kambela madyelo loko yangari na swimilani leswingana phoyizeni swofana na common yew (Taxus baccata) kumbe matluka ya nsinya wa mihandzu ya stone (cherry, peach, plum) leyi dlayaka, hambi hinhlayo leyintsongo. Moraea (Iridaceae, tulip) na Drimia (Hyacinthaceae, kumbe slangkop hi Afrikaans) yivakona kunga se fika timpfula naswona yingava yona yiri yoxe leyinga rihlaza hinkarhi walowo. Swin’wana swimilani leswingana phoyizeni (leswinga kumekeki eka madyelo lawa rimiwaka) swikatsa puncture vine (duwweltjie hi Afrikaans kumbe Tribulus terrestris), oleander, poison leaf nati succulent, ‘plakkies’.

Ti Parasites eka Timbuti

Ku cinca cinciwa ka madyelo i ndlela ya kahle swinene yakuva kutirhisiwa misava naku tiyisisa leswaku timbuti titshama ti hanye kahle. Uta tlhela u lava madyelo yoringanelo ku pfumelela misava kuva yi wisa. Ku pfumelela misava kuva yi wisa (ku ringana nhweti) swipfumelela byasi kuva byi hluka kuva byi tlhelela eka xiyimo xa byona bya - 10 cm hiku leha na kutlurisa, loko yangase tirhisiwa nakambe. Leswi switlhela swi swisivela misava kuva yi khukhuriwa hitimpfula naswona swipfuneta swifuwo kuva switlhela swikhomiwa hi ti parasite tale khwirini.

Swina nkoka kuvona leswaku timbuti eka madyelo tinge hlaseriwi hi ti parasite tale khwirini naswona kutirhisiwa ka swidzidziharisi swo lwisana nati parasite ti endla leswaku kuhunguteka mbuyelo wa masi. Loko timbuti tirikarhi tidya, tidyudza matandza ya tiparasite emisaveni. Swotala swa swona swihanya ehansi ka 10 cm. Hiku cinca cinca timbuti eka madyelo lawa yanga dyiwa kufika ehansi 10 cm, swita hunguta kufikeleriwa ka ti parasite leti.

Timbuti titlhela ti khomiwa hiti parasites talendzeni loko tidya laha byasi byinga hela. Ti parasites tikumeka eka malongo ya timbuti naswona timbuti tisungula ku vabya loko tidye laha kungana vulongo byebyo. Vutomi bya ti parasites byiya emahlweni loko matandza ya tona ya humesiwa eka vulongo bya timbuti.

Ti parasites tale ndzeni ti wela eka mintlawa leyi yinharhu:

Roundworms - wireworm hi tona tinga tala nakuva na nghozi swinene eka ti roundworms
Tapeworms
Flukes – manyokanyokani lawa to phambarhala

Roundworms (nematodes) kufikela sweswi hitona tinga tala ngopfu endzeni ka timbuti, totala ti hanya endzeni ka khwir kambe ta tshama nala ha mbuti yi hefemulaka hikona. Swikoweto swikatsa nchuluko naku ondza eka swifuwo. Manyokanyokani yati tapeworms yanga vonaka tani ti swivumbiwa swo phambarhala eka malongo ya timbuti kambe aya vavisi timbuti. Muxaka wa liver fluke wa onha eka xivindzi naswona swikoweto swikatsa nchuluko, ‘bottle jaw' (ku pfimba ehansi ka nkolo) na anaemia. Unga pfumeleli timbuti tiva eka ndzhawu leyingana ridaka.
Swikoweto swa manyokanyokani swikatsa ku basuluka ka matihlo, ku ondza naku lahlekeriwa hi matimba na kuka tinga tsakeli swakudya. Mbuti yinga chuluka, yi khohlola, nhlonge yitsindziyela naku hunguteka eka vuhumelerisi bya masi.

Ku horisa manyokanyokani swilava ndlela yo hlawuleka yaku herisa manyokanyokani. N’wamapurasi u fanele ku kumisisa xivangelo xa xiphiqo kutani a vutisa Dokodela wa swifuwo kukuma switsundzuxo. Teka sswikombiso swa vulongo bya yin’we kumbe timbuti timbirhi letikulu na xin’we kumbe swimbirhi swimbutani. Dokodela ra swifuwo rita endla swikambelo kutiva leswaku kungava kuri nhlaselo wihi.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni