Isitshalo samabhunu aseVredefort

© David Fleminger

Hleli ingeyaluzayo

Ubudlelwane phakathi kwamabhunu nabelungu bebuhlala bunzima. Ngemuva kokufuduka, abelungu bavuma ngokuzimela kwamabhunu, kodwa ngokushesha bazisola ngesinqumo lapho kubonakala ukuthi ingaphakathi laseNingizimu Afrika lingase libe nomcebo wamaminerali. Amadayimane atholakala eKimberley ngawo-1860 kanti iMpi Ye-Anglo-Boer yokuqala yaqala ngo-1880 (lapho izibhamu zokuqala ziqhuma khona ePotchefstroom) futhi yaphela ngonyaka kamuva ekunqobeni kwamabhunu.

Eminyakeni eyishumi eyedlule yama-1800, nokho, isimo saqala ukungaqiniseki. Ngemva kokutholakala kwegolide eWitwatersrand, abelungu baqala ukuzamazisa ukusungulwa kwezizwe ezimbili (Independent Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek kanye ne-Orange Free State) ukuba bahlanganiswe kabusha embusweni waseNingizimu Afrika. Amabhunu ayengafuni futhi bafunga ukulwa nokuzimela kwabo. Ukumiswa kwaqhubeka kwaze kwaba yilapho impi yaba khona.

Impi yabelungu namabhunu yesibiili

Impi yesibili yebelungu namabhunu (ebizwa nangokuthi iMpi YaseNingizimu Afrika) yenzeka isikhathi eside. Ukuzitholela bengakulungele ukulwa nebutho elinamandla labelungu, amabhunu aphendulela lo mkhuba ekuthandeni kwabo ngokwenza la madoda abe ngamasosha okuhlasela ngamaqembu amancane. Lezi zinduna ezihamba phambili zizohlasela amabutho abelungu bese zinyamalala emahlathini.

Abelungu babevame ukuxosha kodwa behluleka ukuhambisana nomzimba wamabhunu. Ukuzibandakanya konke kuvele kwadlulela ekubeni uchungechunge olungapheli lwezivikelo nokuhlaselwa -lapho kwaqala impi yokuqala yezwe yomgogodla.

Ekugcineni, abelungu banquma ukudlala ibhola eliqinile futhi baqala inqubomgomo enonya ekhanyayo yokulambisa amabhunu. Amapulazi ashiswa, futhi izitshalo zabulawa. Abesifazane nezingane baboshwa futhi bathuthelwa emakamu okuhlushwa, lapho kwakubulawa khona indlala nezifo.

Inkosi yeDome

Indawo yaseVredefort yabhekana nokunzima kakhulu. Ngo-1901, iNkosi uKitchener yabika ngokuziqhenya ukuthi akukho lutho okwashiywa esifundazweni saseParys-Reitzburg futhi kwakhiwa amakamu okuhlushwa amaningana kule ndawo (kufaka phakathi eyodwa okungenzeka isetshenziselwe iziboshwa zabantu abamnyama). Ekugcineni, lamabhunu baphoqelelwa ukuba badlulise itafula lokuxoxisana kanye nesabelo esisha eNingizimu Afrika senziwa. Le mpikiswano yayisukela ngo-1899 kuya ku-1902.

Ngenhloso yezindaba zethu, umhlaba wezintaba weVredefort Dome wazibonakalisa uyindawo edlala kahle umdlalo wamabhunu wokuzifihla nokufuna. Uchungechunge oludidayo lwezigodi ezifanayo,amagquma okufihla abahlaseli, kanye noMfula we-Vaal obalulekile owenziwe kuwo wonke umhlaba.

Inkosi yeDome wayengumlawuli wamabhunu obizwa ngokuthi uChristiaan de Wet. Wayengumuntu ohlala njalo ohlangothini lwabelungu kodwa wakwazi ukugwema isikhathi sokubanjwa. Wayengumlingisi onjalo owathola isiteketiso esithi 'The Boer Pimpernel'.

Umholi Othandwayo

UChristiaan De Wet wayengumholi onamandla kodwa owaziwayo. Uqale wathola udumo empini yase Nicholson Nek, lapho ibutho elincane elingaphansi komyalo wakhe lanqoba amabutho aseBrithani futhi lathumba iziboshwa ezingaamakhulu ayisishiyagalombili. Kamuva wakhuthazwa ukuba abe umholi wenhloko yabahlaseli baseFree State futhi wayethanda umsebenzi wakhe. Okokuqala, waxosha abelungu ngokubahlasela ngemuva.

Khona-ke waphakamisa ibhuloho yesitimela ngaphesheya koMfula iVaal futhi washayisa indawo yokugcina impahla yabelungu, ethatha izinto ezifanele isigamu sezigidi zamakhilogremu. Abelungu babethukuthele.

Ngakho-ke, ngokumangalela okukhulu, abelungu bazama ukuthatha uhulumeni wezinkampani owawuseBetlehema ngaleso sikhathi. U-De Wet nabahlaseli bakhe bahamba baya emotweni kodwa babengakwazi ukubuyela eBrithani. Wayekwazi ukuthola uMengameli uSteyn kanye nezibalo ezimbalwa ezibalulekile eBethelehema ngaphambi kokuba awele, kodwa, wawahambisa ePotchefstroom.

Ithuba

Inkosi uKitchener manje yabona ithuba lokuqeda impi njalo, futhi yathumela amasosha ayizinkulungwane ezingamashumi amahlanu ukuthola uChristiaan De Wet. Lokhu kwakuyisiqalo sokuzingela kuka De Wet (ekugcineni kuzoba ezintathu). Elandelwa abelungu, u-De Wet nesigodi sakhe baqhubekela phambili baya eVredefort, baphunyuka kancane kancane ngaso sonke isikhathi. Ngaleso sikhathi, abaseBrithani babezungezile empumalanga naseningizimu, benquma noma yikuphi ukubuyela emuva eFree State. UDe Wet uzodingeka awele iVaal. Umbuzo wawukuphi.

Inkosi uMetheun, owayehola amabutho aseBrithani eTransvaal, wayethunyelwe ukuba abuke yonke imifula ephakathi komhume weScandinavia nomhume weLindeques , kodwa okungenani kwakukhona kwakuneminye imifula eyishumi nambili phakathi kwala maphuzu amabili namabutho aseBrithani ayenganele. U-De Wet wathatha ithuba lakhe wathatha abantu bakhe ngaphesheya komfula eSchoemansdrift ngo-6 Ncwaba 1900.

Umhlaba wezintaba eDome

Ngokushesha uMetheun wezwa mayelana nokuwela futhi wathumela amasosha ekuvimbeni amabhunu ngaphambili kokuba bangene eTransvaal. Ngeshwa, lapho befika endaweni, bathola inkinga yezingxenyana ezigxile nezigodi ezenza kube nzima kakhulu. UChristiaan De Wet, okwamanje, wayegijima ngomhlaba wezintaba eDome, eya ePotch. Wathumela neqembu elincane ukuba akhohlise abelungu, futhi ngaleyo ndlela wabamba abaseBrithani ukuba bacabange ukuthi uzobuya eFree State ngomhume weLindeques.

Ngokushesha abaseBrithani baqaphela iphutha labo futhi baqala phansi ukumfuna, bahamba ezintendeni zikaDe Wet njengoba behluleka enyakatho baya eMagaliesberg. Impi zenzeka amabhunu ebaleka ebheke eOlifants Nek, idlule emkhawulweni osentshonalanga we-Magaliesberg. UMetheun wayekholelwa ukuthi i-Olifants Nek ibanjwe amabutho aseBrithani futhi ngakho wathumela amadoda akhe ukumboza izindlela endaweni. Kodwa wenza iphutha.Indlela yokudlula yavuleka futhi uDe Wet wagijima waya ezintabeni. Ukuxoshwa sekuphelile. Igundane lase libalekile.