Ukupha Imbuzi Ukudla

© Marinda Louw

Imbuzi zinlwane zekhaya ezifuywako ezithandwa khulu ngombana ngombana zidla iintjalo pheze zomhlobo woke zingadla imitjhana kanye notjani kanje neenkomo. Ngombana zirhona ukudla amakari yemithi aziphalisani ngokudla neenkomo. Ukungezelela, imirhwa yazo yokobana zikhambe zizuma ukudla irhelebha ekukhandela ukonakala kwamahlathi eendaweni ze-Savannah kodwana kungenza bona amahlathi onakale.

Iimbuzi ezibekwe emakhresteni ezifana neembuzi zendabuko aziphiwa isphila kodwana ziphiwa ukudla kwefuyo kwaphela njeke azikhiqizi ibisi elinengi. Ukuqiniseka bona zikhiqiza ibisi zitlhoga izakhi ezingezelelweko ukutlhogonyelwa kanye nokudla kokuzaliselela.

Ukobana iimbuzi zebisi zenyama neembuzi ezifuyelwe ukwenza imithiya (i-mohair nanyana i-cashmere) zitlhoga inani elithileko okuya ngokobana zisesigabeni siphi sokukhiqiza nanyana ubujamo buphi. Udorhodere ojamelene nezokuphiwa kweenlwane ukudla nanyana ibubulo elithengisa ukudla kwazo lingakwenzela iplani yokudla elinganisiweko.

Imikhuba Yokuzipha Ukudla

©Marinda Louw
Iimbuzi zinlwane ezizwelako ezinemikhuba engakajwayeleki yokudla. Azidli ukudla okungakahlwengeki nanyana okunganuki kamnandi begodu azithandi ukudla okugadangiweko nokumanzi. Iimbuzi kufanele zihlwengeke begodu zibefretjhi begodu zihlale zibekwe esimumathini. Qinisekisa bona iimbaya zazo zihlwengekile ngokobana ususe iiinsalela zokudla.

Lokha uzipha ihayi yibeke eemumathini zehayi nanyana uneke ukudla ngeenyanda emthini nanyana uzilengisi epeksini elibethelwe ebodeni.

Imbuzi kanye neenkomo zibona kunqono bona zidle i-lucerne kanye ne-cowpeas (okukukudla okuzele amaprotheyini), kunamabele, isphila, i-silage nanyana i-straw.

Thenga ukudla kwekhwalithi ehle ongarhona ukukuthenga ukubeke kude nelanga kanye nezulu.Buthelela ihayi lokha kusikhathi salo sokuvunwa uyibekele ngeskhathi salokha izokutlhogeka khona ngeskhathi sesomiso. Iinsalela zeentjalo ze-cereal kanye nokudla kweenlwane okukutjani kufanele kwenziwe iinqetjhana ngaphambi kokobana kuphiwe iimbuzi isphila sigaywe.Hlanganisa ukudla kuhle ukukhandela ukobana iimbuzi zihle lokho okumnandi kwaphela. Ukwenzela bona zidle ukudla okufretjhi kwaphela zihlanganisele ukudla okwanele bona zikudle ilanga linye kwaphela. Ungalindi ukudla bona kube kudala nanyana kube nesirhoro. Nange kunetjhuguluko ofuna ukulenza endleleni ozipha ngazo ukudla lenze kancani kancani.

Amandla Kanye Neetlhogakalo Zembuzi

©Marinda Louw
Ama-Carbohydrate kanye namafutha kokubili kuletha amandla. Amandla atlhogeka ekukhuleni, ekukhiqizeni kanye nekukhandela amalwelwe kanye namapharasayidi.
Iimbuzi zitlhoga amaprotheyini. Iprotheyini sisakhi samaseli woke emizimbeni yazozoke iinlwane begodu iqakathekile ekukhuleni kwazo ekukhandeleni amalwelwe, ekubeleni kwazo nekumunyiseni (ekukhiqizeni ibisi).

Enye yezinto eziqakathekileko ekudleni kwazo zoke imbuzi yi-energy eyaziwa njenge TDN = total digestible nutrients okutjho bona izakhi ezigayekako.
Inani elaneleko lokudla kwembuzi okudliwa yimbuzi qobe lilanga kumedwa nge-Dry Matter Intake'(DMI). Inani le-dry matter eziyidliko iya ngokobana imbuzi yikulu kangangani, yenzani kanye nokobana ikhiqiza kangangani. I-DMI enengi izokutholwa kwaphela nange kunokudla okumnandi okwaneleko.

Ukufaka imirorho eyaneleko ekudleni kweembuzizakho kukatelelekile, nanyana ukhiqiza iimbuzi ngehloso yokukhiqiza inyama nanyana ibisi. Iimbuzi zebisi khulukhulu zitlhoga imirorho ukudlula lezo zenyama, njeke qiniseka bona uzipha imirorho eminengi.
Nangabe amadlelo akekho, tjala utjani obumhlobo eyehlukeneko kanye nemitjhana eendaweni ezahlukeneko.

Hlangana nokudla okunama-concentrate okuzele i-energy kubalwa isphila, i-barley,imbewu yegadoni kanye ne-oil cake meal. (I-Brewers grains ziinsalela ezisele lokha nakukhiqizwa ibhiya). Nanyana i-barley kusphila esisetjenziselwa ukubilisa, ikoroyi, ireyisi amabele kanye ne-millet nakho kuyasetjenziswa.

Hlanganisa nokudla kweembuzi okuzele amaprotheyini kubalwa i-fishmeal, soya bean meal, cottonseed oil cake meal kanye ne-brewers' grains.

Translated by Lizzy Shongwe