Impala

© Roger de la Harpe

Igama

Impala [Aepyceros melampus]

Ukwakheka Nokuvela Kwayo

Le yinyamaza yomhlobo ojayelekileko yemahlathini weemphande zenarha yeSewula Afrika. Yihle khulu, ngemibala eqarheke ngobubovana, umbala omhlophe emathunjini, begodu inesilinganiso sobudu obuphakamileko obubalelwa emamilimithara amakhulu alithoba (900 mm). Iimpongo nofana eziduna zakhona zinesilinganiso sobudisi obungaba makhilogremu amasumi asithandathu (60 Kg), kuthi ezisikazi zibe nesilinganiso sobudisi obumakhilogremu amasumi amane (40 Kg).

Inombala onzima osuka phezulu emahlalweni wehlela kizozombili iinyonga. Iinyawo zemuva zombili zinamadlala atholakala ngaphasi koboya obunzima. Ziimpongo zazo kwaphela ezineempondo ezibumbeke ngendlela yamatshwayo womvumo atlolwephasi, begodu zinesilinganiso sobude obumamilimithara amakhulu alikhomba (700 mm).

Ukudla

Impala yinyamazana ehlangahlanganisa umhlobo wokudla kwayo. Itholakala izuma ukudla enthurhwini ezimahlathi kanye nokudla utjani eendaweni ezimabala kanye nemibundwini engasimikhulu. Idla imbewu yemithi kanye neenthelo nazikhona.

Ukuzala Nokukhulisa

Zivamise ukuzala ilamjana linye ekuthomeni kwehlobo, ngemva kwesikhathi sekambiso yokumitha emalanga alikhulu namasumi alithoba nane ukuya emakhulwini amabili (194-200). Impala esikazi ibasigabeni sokulungela ukujarhwa nayineminyaka emibili yobudala.

Amalamjana aduna athoma ukujarha nakaseminyakeni emibili yobudala, kodwana akakghoni ukwenza njalo ngokukhandelwa ngilezo eziduna nesele zikhulile begodu ezibusako emhlambini nekungizo ezinesapho.

Ilamjanna elilodwa lizalwa phakathi kwenyanga kasSewula ukuya kuTjhirhweni ngemva kwesikathi sekambiso yokumitha esiziinyanga ezisithandathu.

Ukuziphatha Kwazo

Umhlambi weenyamazanezi awukavami ukukhambela kude nomthombo wamanzi ngebanga elingaba makhilomithara abunane. Zaziwa khulu ngendlelazo yokweqa iimitjhana neenthurhu kanye nemahlahlatjhana aminyeneko lokha ziphazamisiweko nofana zisahlelwa. Isikhathi sazo sokulungela ukujarhwa sisekuthomeni kweenyanga zebusika.

Iimpala eziduna ezisese zincani ziphila emhlambini weentjhimani kuthi lezo eziqinileko nezinamandla wokuthoma ngepumelela wazo umhlambi zigcina sele zikhamba ngokuhlukana begodu zizibusa ngesikhathi sokujarha. Ezisikazi zona zihlala emhlambini wokukhulisa.

Ikhaya Lazo/Isikhundla

Zithanda ukuhlala eendaweni ezimahlatjhana aneenkhotha zeemphande zetlhagwini nepumalanga yeSewula Afrika kanye neenarheni ezinye.

Iinwani Ezidla Iimpala/ Eziyingozi Epilweni Yeempala

Impala zidliwa khulu ziinlwani ezikulu zomhlolj odla inyama kwaphela kuthi amalamjana wazo adliwe khulu ziinhlawathi. Iimpala zihlala zitjhejile begodu ziyelele khulu. Enye yazo nayibona ingozi, iyelelisa umhlambi ngokubetha isililo esifana nomlozi kuthi umhlambi uvele urhatjheke uzale umango.

Kusiphiwo sayo seemvelo ukuyibona yeqa ibanga elide ngamamitha alisumi nambili ukuya phambili (12 m), namamitha amathathu ukweqela phezulu nofana ukuphakama (3 m).

Iimbalobalo Ngepilwazo Ezirhunyeziweko

Igama lesi-Latin: Aepyceros melampus
Isilinganiso sobudisi (esikazi): 40 kg
Isilinganiso sobudisi (eduna): 50 kg
Isikhathi sekambiso yokumitha: 6,5 months
Inani/ isibalo samalamjana: 1 lamb
Ukulungela ukujarha/ ukujarhwa: 13 months
Isilinganiso sobudisi ekuzalweni: 5 kg
Irhemo /umhlobo: Artiodactyla
Umdeni: Bovidae
Iimpondo: 55 cm

Ihlathululo Yemitlhala

Ineenqatha ezibukhali, ezihlanzekileko kanye nezincophileko ezide ngama senthimitha amane ukuya kasithandathu.

Ibuthelelolwazi Lemangwenazo

Zimhlobo weenyamazana ezijayelekileko zemahlathini neenkhothini zenarhakazini ye-Afrika, impala igcine sele ibizwa nge-McDonald’s yemahlathini ngonobangela wokobana ziqothelwe khulu ziinlwani ezidla inyama kwaphela. Amatshwayo asemahlalweni ajamela itjhswayo lekampani le ngokuzeleko.