Cape Cormorant

© Shem Compion
Cape Cormorant.

Name

Cape cormorant (Phalacrocorax capensis)

Family

Phalacrocoracidae

Length

61-64 cm

Appearance

The adult is a glossy green-black with an orange-yellow bill-base; and greenish eyes. It has a fairly long neck and lacks a forehead crest.

The immature cormorant is a dusky brown and paler on the belly.

Cape Cormorant Call

They make no sound except a ‘gaaa’ or ‘gheee’ when breeding.

Diet

It mainly eats fish, doing most of its foraging in large flocks 10 - 20 km offshore. It catches prey by diving from the water surface and its jaw is adapted to handle small, fast-moving fish.

Cape Cormorant Breeding

The breeding period is from September to February in South Africa. The Cape cormorant is a monogamous colonial nester, living in large, tightly packed colonies. The nests are made from seaweed and sticks. The female lay 2 – 3 chalky-white eggs.

Habitat

Single birds and flocks prefer coastal waters. They roost on offshore islands.

Cape Cormorant Status

Common or abundant resident.

Where they are found

In South Africa the Cape cormorant is a winter visitor to the KwaZulu-Natal coast. It is an endemic resident along the entire south-western Cape coast and up to 50 km out to sea.