Ukutshala i-Parsley

© Louise Brodie

Ukusabalalisa

Ukusabalalisa i-parsley kuvela kwimbewu kuphela.

Indlela Yokutshala

Ukutshala izithombo eze’parsley kanye nokuhlwanyela okuqondile kwenziwa ngezandla futhi ngendlela efanele. Hlwanyela ngedlela eqondile imbewu eziwu’50 ngemitha ngayinye ukuze uqinisekise ukuma okugcwele kwe-parsley. Emva kwesikhashana kumele uhlole izitshalo zakho uma kudingeka ukuqinisekisa ukuthi azimnyene.

Isikhala

Izitshalo kufanele zihlukaniswe ngo-10 cm emigqeni engama-20 cm kuya ku-30 cm ngokuhlukana. Lokhu kungu-300 000 kuya ku-450 000 izitshalo zeparsley ngehekatre ngayinye ngehektare. Imigqa kumele ishiywele ogandaganda kanye nemishini yokupuniza nokuvuna.

Isikhathi Sokuhlwanyela

Hlwanyela imbewu ka-parsley ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo bese uzama ukulahlekelwa ama-frosts wokugcina. Ngisho noma i-parsley inqabile iqhwa kungcono ukugwema uma sekuqala ukukhula. ENingizimu Afrika lokhu kuphakathi kuka-Agasti. Ezindaweni ezinobusika obumnene, ngasekupheleni kwehlobo noma ekuqaleni kwekwindla plantings kungenziwa ukutshala ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo noma ngisho nasezinyangeni zasebusika.

Isikhathi Sokutshala

Yenza izithombo zika-parsley ku-greenhouse ngoJuni noJulayi. Lokhu kuzothola amasonto ambalwa ngesikhathi sokukhiqiza. Tshala izithombo uma ziba ngu-15 cm ubude. Lokhu kungenziwa futhi phakathi no-Agasti.

Isikhathi Sokukhula

Kusukela ngesikhathi imbewu itshalwe khona lapho isivuno sokuqala singenziwa cishe amasonto ayishumi nambili. Emva kwalokho i-parsley ingavunwa kathathu kuya kwesine ngaphezulu. Sika i-parsley 15 cm ngaphezu komhlabathi uvumele isitshalo esanele kanye namaqabunga owodwa noma amabili ukukhula kabusha. Isikhathi sokuvuna esilandelayo kufanele sibe ngamasonto amahlanu kanye namaviki ayisihlanu kulo lonke ihlobo.

Umanyolo

Ukutshala ngokusho kokuhlaziywa kwenhlabathi okwenziwe emhlabathini ngaphambi kokutshala. Sebenzisa cishe u-200 kg wezingu-3:1:5 ngaphambi kokutshala enhlabathini engaphezulu kuka-10 cm. Inani elifanayo le-3:1:5 futhi futhi, eligqoke eceleni emigqeni yesitshalo lapho izitshalo ze-parsley ziba ngu-20 cm high, kufanele zibe zikhulu kuze kufike isivuno sokuqala. Sebenzisa isicelo esifanayo 3:1:5 emva kokuvuna okulandelanayo. Ukudla kwe-Foliar kuhle futhi ukugqugquzela amahlamvu enempilo.

Ukunisela

I-Parsley ine-root system engajulile ngakho-ke iyasizwa ekucindezelekeni komswakama. Ngakho-ke kubaluleke kakhulu ukugcina inhlabathi engxenyeni enkulu yokucebisa ukuthi uhlobo lomhlabathi. Faka abafundi bomswakama ngokuqapha njalo. Ukucindezeleka kuzothuthuka ukukhula bese kuveza amahlamvu amancane ukuvuna.

I-parsley ingancinwa yi-sprinkler noma i-drip. Ukushayela kungcono kakhulu uma kugcina amaqabunga emile futhi ama-sprinklers angalimaza izitshalo zethenda. Amahlamvu anamanzi angabangela ukukhukhuka kwamafungus. Kuye ngesimo sezulu kanye ne-parsley yokushisa idinga cishe u-35 kuya ku-40 mm wokunisela ngesonto. Kunconywa ukusakaza lokhu kunisela ngaphezu kwezicelo ezimbili kuya kwezintathu ngesonto. Ngomhlabathi we-sandier ukuchelela kungadingeka njalo njalo njalo ngosuku lwesibili. Ukunciphisa ukucutshungulwa kunconywa njengoba lokhu kuphuza okuncane. Lokhu kuzophinde kulawule ukuvela kokhula. I-plastiki noma i-mulching ephilayo ingasetshenziswa.

Translated by Nsika Khoza