Seamoth

© Johan Boshoff

Name

Seamoth (Pegasidae)

Size

Seamoths measure about 10cm on average, but can be as long as 13cm.

Identification

Seamoths have flattened bodies, covered in joined bony plates. They have long snouts and tails that vary from medium to long in length. The large pectoral fin makes the seamoth’s body appear triangular in shape. It can change colour but is predominantly a blotchy brown and white with black markings.

General Info

Seamoths belong to the Pegasidae family which comprises of two genera and five species. They move in a walking motion on their pelvic fins, spreading their pectorals wide. The tail is flexible to propel the seamoth forward and has a rounded, bony ring. The mouth of the seamoth has adapted to sucking its prey from their burrows. They are pelagic spawners.

Feeding

Seamoths feed on worms and other small invertebrates.

Distribution

They can be found in all tropical and temperate oceans across the world.

Common Species

Seamoth (Eurypegasus draconis)

© Johan Boshoff