Marine Aquaculture in South Africa

©Roger de la Harpe
Oysters rinsed after storing and harvesting.
©Operation Phakisa Oceans Economy DAFF
Sorting and packing of black mussels.
©Operation Phakisa Oceans Economy DAFF
Crates with freshly-harvested black mussels hoisted onto a mussel boat in Saldanha Bay.

Marine aquaculture - also called mariculture - refers to the farming of animals and plants in seawater. These plants and animals include the bivalves - oysters and mussels - finfish, abalone and seaweed species. Of these, abalone is the main marine aquaculture of value for export, while some seaweed and kelp species have. for decades been exported for alginate production.

The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) is the lead Department for aquaculture development and management in South Africa. It is managed under the Branch Fisheries Management.

Abalone Farming in South Africa

South Africa is one of the world’s top producers of abalone, exporting high-quality products of the endemic Haliotis midae or ‘perlemoen’ to markets mainly in Asia....more

Finfish Farming in South Africa

In South Africa, the following marine finfish species are produced: dusky kob, spotted grunter, Mozambique tilapia, marine trout and Atlantic salmon....more

Kelp and Seaweed Industry in South Africa

The kelp and seaweed industry in South Africa, refers to the collection of kelp and seaweed species from its natural habitat, by rights holders on ‘Seaweed Concession Areas’...more

Mariculture in South Africa

In South Africa, the following marine finfish species are produced: dusky kob, spotted grunter, Mozambique tilapia, marine trout and Atlantic salmon....more

Mussel Farming in South Africa

Mussel farming in South Africa is based on two mussel species, the indigenous black mussel and the exotic Mediterranean mussel....more

Oyster Farming in South Africa

In South Africa, only the Pacific oyster is farmed on marine aquaculture farms on the coast of the Northern Cape, Western Cape and Eastern Cape Provinces....more

Prawn Farming in South Africa

Early prawn research in South Africa, in the 1970s, was done by the Amatikulu Prawn Research Unit and funded by the Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa....more