Common Family Name
Up to 60 cm, average 30 cm.
Hard protective exoskeleton. Five pairs of legs, some with claws. Long antennae. Carapace (fused plates covering the thorax) usually has a rough look, some with sharp spikes. Colouration differs, including black, brown, blue, yellow, pink, orange and green.
The nephropidae family consists of 11 genera and 24 species. Found on rocky or sandy areas, from reefs to the continental shelf. Lobsters moult in order to grow. Have very poor sight. When disturbed, they will flee by curling and uncurling their abdomen. Females store sperm in their abdomen and use it as required. Eggs are kept under the abdomen until hatching, which is 10-11 months.
Feeds on fish, molluscs, other crustaceans, worms and some plants. Are also scavengers.
Occurs in oceans around the world.
Long-legged spiny lobster - Panulirus longipes
Ornate spiny lobster - Palaemon adspersus
Painter rock lobster - Panulirus versicolor