Turtles
Ufudu Yolwandle

© Roger de la Harpe

Igama leentsapho eziqhelekileyo

Ufudu yolwandle

Abanye kwintsapho

I-tortle eluhlaza, i-Hawksbill, i-Turtlehead turtle, i-Leatherback turtle

Igama lezesayensi

Chelonioidea

Ukukhangeleka

I-turtle ehlaza: Umzimba unamacwecwe amane elandelelanayo ngokulandelelana kwicala eliphakathi.

Iiplani azifaki. Umncinci omfutshane, umrhumo-mali awunakunyangwa. Umzekelo we-Sunburst kwigobolondo. Ukuya kwi-1,5m.

Ihomba le-Hawksbill: Ezimbini zezikali phakathi kwamehlo. Ixesha elide, i-bill bill. ICarapace
Ijikeleze imiphetho. Iphethini ephuthiweyo kwigobolondo eliphezulu. Ukufika ku-1m.

I-turtle: Ngokusemngciphekweni. Abanalo iziqhumane (iiplates) ukumboza i-carapace. Wabo
Iigobolondo zikhulu, zigqithise (akukho zicwecwe) kwaye zinentloko emnyama eligubungela igobolondo. Sixhengxe Iimitha ezide eziphezulu kummandla ophezulu. Akukho zihlunu kwii mpiko. Iminxeba ende kakhulu. Ukuya kwi-2,5m.

I-turtlehead Loggerhead: Inkulu ephezulu intloko. Iqokobhe ineeminxunyo ezintlanu zokhuseleko Iqokobhe ibomvu ngombala. Iimbini zeehlunu kwiintlanzi. Kuye kwii mitha ezimbini.

Inkcukhacha jikelele

I-Chelonioidea yintsapho ephezulu ineentsapho ezintlanu kunye ezi-ezintathu eziphelayo. Onke amafudu aphefumula umoya. Abashukumi abanamandla. ZiPhumla okanye zilale phantsi kwamanzi iiyure eziliqela. Yenza ityuwa kwintloko ukuze ikhuphe iityuwa ezingaphezulu kwezinto ezithathwa ngokutya. Ukuphila iminyaka eyi 80. Zihlala.

Elwandle, kodwa ubeka amaqanda esantini. Amaqanda ayi-200 afakwa kwi-ndawo enye. Iibhitaki eziyi-1-8 zifakwa ngexesha lonyaka. Ubundlobongela beentambo ezincinci zichongiwe ngokushisa kwesantya kwidleke. Iinqanawa zenza indlela yazo ebuyela elwandle. Kuphela u-0,2% usinda kukhula.

Ukutya

Ukutya emanzini ukuya ku-50 m. I-Omnivorous kunye nokutya kwiindidi zezipongi, i-cnidarians, i-molluscs, i-crustaceans, i-algae, izityalo kunye neentlanzi. I-Jellyfish (i-cnidarians) yintandokazi yolwandle. Iingxowa zeplastiki zihlala ziphosakele ngeentlanzi ze-jelly kwaye zixutywe yi-turtles, ezidla ngokuzibulala.

Ukufumaneka

Ivela kuwo onke amalwandle ehlabathi, ngaphandle kwe-Arctic yolwandle.

Iindidi eziqhelekileyo

Green turtle - Chelonia mydas
Hawksbill turtle - Eretmochelys imbricata
Leatherback turtle - Dermochelys coriacea
Loggerhead turtle - Caretta caretta