Turtles

© Roger de la Harpe

Vito ra ntolovelo ra xindyangu

Sea turtles

Tinwana endyangwini

Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Loggerhead turtle, Leatherback turtle, Olive Ridley turtle

Vito ra xindyangu

Chelonioidea

Nhlamuselo

Green turtle: Miri wa yona wuna mintila ya 4 ya marhambu lawa ya landzelelanaka. Mintila leyi ayihundzeli helo. Nhompfu na nomo swikomile, nomo awu govekangi kufana na xinjovo. Kuna pattern yaku baleka ka dyambu eka xikhamba xakona, yifika eka 1,5m.

Hawksbill turtle: Yina tipherhe timbirhi ta magwaru exikarhi ka matihlo. Yina nomo woleha wutlhela wugoveka. Yina pattern yokarhi laha henhla ka xikhamba xa yona. Yifika kwalomu ka 1m.

Leatherback turtle: Muxaka lowu wuwela eka yinwana ya leti ta mune ta swikokovi leswikulu naswona hiswinwani swaleswi swinga enghozini swinene. Leyi ayinamarhambu lawa yavonakaka kuva ya yisirhelela. Swikhamba swayona swikulu swinene, swarhetela kutlhela kuva na nhlonge leyi yinga phutsela xikhamba xa yona. Kuvonaka kuri na milayeni ya nkombo laha henhla ka swikhamba swa yona. Ayina minwala eka swikunwani swayona. Yina tipiku to leha swinene kuya fika eka 2,5m.

Loggerhead turtle: Yina nhloko yikulu swinene. Xikhamba xa yona xina tipherhe ta 5 tavusirheleli ngopfu ngopfu exikarhi. Xikhamba xa yona xina muhlovo wotshuka kuya eka buraweni hi muhlovo. Yiva na tiphere timbirhi ta minwala eka tintiho ta yona. Yilehe kufika eka 1.2m.

Vuxokoxoko

Ndyangu wa yona wa Chelonioidea wuna swindyangwani leswintsongo swa 5 laha yi 3 yinga leyi hlawulekeke. Hinkwato tinxaka tati turtles ti hefemula moya. Yikota kuhlambela swinene. Yi wisa kun’we no etlela ehansi ka mati kuringana ti awara to hlaya swinene. Yina xirho lexi humesaka munyu lowu tirhisiwaka ku lunga swakudya. Yikota kuva yi hanya kuya fikela eka malembe ya 80. Yi endlela timhaka ta masangu kwale ndzeni ka lwandle kambe yitshikelela matandza ehandle emisaveni.

Yitshikela kwalomu ka 200 wa matandza lawa ya tshikeriwaka hiswikatsa kusuka eka 1-8 hinguva. Rimbewu ra vana vakona riya hi mahiselo kumbe matitimelelo ya sava laha matandza yanga tshikeleriwa kona. Vana vakona vatlhelela ematini loko va heta kutlhotlhoriwa. Kova ntsena 0,2% leti kotaka kuya fika eka xiyimo xa vutswatsi.

Swakudya

Yidyela kwale ndzeni ka mati kuya fika eka 50m. Yi wela eka ti Omnivorous naswona yidya ti sponges tohambana hambana, cnidarians, molluscs, crustaceans,nkuxu, swimilani na tihlampfi. Jellyfish (cnidarians) i swirhandzwa eka ti sea turtles. Himinkarhi yotala ti plastictital ku tekiwa onge iti jelly fish se timitiwa hiti turtles, laha tihetelelaka ti fa.

Kuhangalaka

Yikumeka eka tinxaka hinkwato ta malwandle ya misava hinkwayo e handle kale kalwandle ra Arctic.

Common Species

Green turtle - Chelonia mydas
Hawksbill turtle - Eretmochelys imbricata
Leatherback turtle - Dermochelys coriacea
Loggerhead turtle - Caretta caretta