Clownfish

© Johan Boshoff

Name

Clownfish

Alias

Anemonefish

Scientific Name

Amphiprioninae

Size

Up to 18 cm, average 10 cm

Identification

Clownfish are rounded, fat body with large fins. They can be aggressive. Colouration differs from yellow, orange, red or black with white vertical patches or bars over the body.

General Info

Amphiprioninae subfamily consists of 2 genera and 28 species. They form symbiotic relationships with anemones. Its faeces provide nutrients and the anemone gives protection to the fish. Occurs in small family groups of three on the anemone. All clownfish are born as male and the largest male changes sex when the dominant female dies. Lays eggs close to the anemone on the substrate. The males keep watch until they hatch.

Feeding

Feeds on algae, plankton, molluscs and crustaceans.

Distribution

Clownfish occur in all temperate and tropical oceans of the world.

Common Species

Clown anemonefish - Amphiprion percula
Nosestripe clownfish - Amphiprion akallopisos
Twobar clownfish - Amphiprion allardi

© Johan Boshoff