Up to 18 cm, average 10 cm
Clownfish are rounded, fat body with large fins. They can be aggressive. Colouration differs from yellow, orange, red or black with white vertical patches or bars over the body.
Amphiprioninae subfamily consists of 2 genera and 28 species. They form symbiotic relationships with anemones. Its faeces provide nutrients and the anemone gives protection to the fish. Occurs in small family groups of three on the anemone. All clownfish are born as male and change sex when the dominant female dies. Lays eggs close to the anemone on the substrate. The male keeps watch until they hatch.
Feeds on algae, plankton, molluscs and crustaceans.
Clownfish occur in all temperate and tropical oceans of the world.
Clown anemonefish - Amphiprion percula
Nosestripe clownfish - Amphiprion akallopisos
Twobar clownfish - Amphiprion allardi
© Johan Boshoff