Inqubo Yokuthwasisa Abesilisa bamaPedi

Imizila Ebalulekile

©Dr Peter Magubane
Isikhathi sokuqala, esasiyi (futhi sihlala ngaso sonke isikhathi), sasixhomeke ekufikeni kwendodana ephezulu noma umzukulu wezinduna phakathi kwabaqalayo. WayenguMholi we-initiation lodge kanye nomholi wophiko lwalolo gesi noma isethi yobudala (inzalo); Ngale ndlela la madoda ayehlanganiswa nobukhosi. Ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuba i-bodika, i-master (rabadia) ne-deputy-master (moditiana) bakhethwe umkhandlu wangaphakathi wenkosi ukulawula nokuqondisa umkhosi. Benza imisebenzi yabo njengenxusa lenhloko.

Umuntu wezokwelapha (thipana) naye wakhethwa ukwenza ukusoka kwalowo nalowo oqalayo. Wayezovela ngaphandle kweqembu, ukunciphisa usongo lobuthakathi. Phakathi nobusuku bemikhosi yokuvula, i-badikana (abaqalile iseshini yokuqala) ihlanganiswe kwifayili eyodwa, nomholi phambili. Emuva kwakhe, ekuhlahleni kwezinga, kwakungamanye avela ku-kgoro wasebukhosini, elandelwa abafana basuka koloro olandelayo, wehla kumfana ovela ekoloro engaphansi kakhulu. Abafana baqhubezela futhi banikezwa, ngokuhlehlisa, ukuqhuma okubi kakhulu emhlane wabo obunqunu yi-rabadia. Ukugxila ngesigaba kuhlanganiswe kuze kube phakade isiko ukuthi isimo senziwa ngokuzalwa yedwa, hhayi ngobuhlakani bomuntu siqu. Le nqubo igcizelela umsebenzi wokuqala emphakathini wePedi, kokubili ukufundisa, futhi nokubeka abaqashi ngaphakathi kwesakhiwo seqembu.

Ukuthwasiswa kwe-Bodika

©Dr Peter Magubane
Ngaphambi kokusa ngakusasa ngosuku olulandelayo, uphondo lwempondo (phalafala) lwavuthwa futhi, ngokulandelana kwe-rabadia, i-badikana yafika emfuleni, lapho yasoka khona. Ngemuva kokusebenza abafana bahlala emanzini abandayo emfuleni, okwakusiza ukuphazamisa ubuhlungu. Ngemuva kokuphumula usuku abafana abaye bahamba ngalo ku-mphato (ukuqala ukufakwa), futhi kulesi sikhundla. Indlu yokulala yayakhiwe ngezigxobo zokhuni kanye namathandane abethwa ndawonye ndawonye emsebenzini we-lattice, owawuhlanganiswa utshani namagatsha. Kwakukhona iminyango emibili, enye empumalanga, ukusetshenziselwa okukhethekile kwamadoda asebenza esikoleni sokuqala, kanti enye engasentshonalanga kubafana. Amadoda nabafana babelele ndawonye. I-kgoro ngayinye yayinezindawo zayo zokushisa, lapho abaqalile kulowo mndeni babuthana futhi belala khona. Imililo eyakhiwe yayinokuphawuleka okukhulu, njengoba yayibhalwa yi-ember ethathwe emlilweni wekhanda futhi, ngesikhathi sokuqala kwenqubo ye-bodika, abavunyelwe ukufa.

Umkhuba wansuku zonke phakathi nesigaba somzimba wonke wawuhluka kancane kakhulu. Iningi lalo suku lithathwe ngokuzingela nokwenza imisebenzi yezandla, njengezikhumba kanye nezinkuni. Ekuseni nasekuseni kwelanga kwakusihlwa ekufundiseni okusemthethweni nasekuhlabeleleni izingoma zokuqala. I-badikana bafundiswa izimfanelo zesilisa zesibindi nokukhuthazela, ukulalela obaba, ngokucindezeleka okukhulu ekuboniseni ukuhlonishwa nokuhlonipha inhloko. Ukuqoqwa kwendabuko namafomula (okuhlanganisa umlando, amasiko nemithetho) yafundiswa ngokusebenzisa ulimi lwama-archaic okwakufanele lufundwa ngokuzenzekelayo. Kuwo wonke, abafana babebhekene nokuvivinywa kokukhuthazela, kufaka phakathi ukushaywa kwansuku zonke. Isiyalo sasigxilile ngokuqinile, futhi ukufa ngesikhathi sokuqala kwakungaziwa.

Amalungu omzimba we-bodika ayenesilinganiso sokudala, okwathi ngaphambi nje kokuphela komzimba, wathola igama. Leli qembu lalivame ukuba nomsebenzi wezempi futhi lalilawulwa yi-kgosana ya mphato. Amalungu alinganisa ubudala bawo ngokubhekisela kuleli gama lesigungu, ehlukanisa ngokwawo ngamalungu eminye imibuthano eqalisiwe. Lapho inqubo yokuqamba igama iqedile, leli qembu laziswa ngosuku oluzophela ngalo, futhi ukudla kwakulungiselwe umkhosi omkhulu wokugubha ukuqokwa kwabaqalile.

Ngakusasa ekuseni, abaqalayo bahlanza umbala omhlophe ababehlotshisiwe kulo lonke lolu hlelo. Ubaba ngamunye wayiboya izinwele zendodana yakhe futhi wamnika umshayeli omusha ngokuqaphela ubudala bakhe obusha. Izidumbu zabafana zabe sezigcotshwe ngendwangu yamafutha nebomvu. Ngalesi sikhathi babeziwa ngokuthi i-dialoga (abasindile). Babesungulwe ngendlela ehlelekile futhi bahlaselwa umkhosi okwesikhashana. Emva kwalokhu, bahamba ngaphandle kokubukela emuva ngenkathi i-rabadia ibeka umlilo emndenini wabo.

Ukuqaliswa kweBogwera

©Dr Peter Magubane
Eminyakeni emibili kamuva umhlangano wokuqalwa kwe-bogwera wabizwa. Ngefomu, lokhu bekucishe kufane ne-bodika, ngaphandle kokuthi yayingaphansi komthetho futhi yahlala cishe inyanga kuphela. Phakathi nalesi sigaba, iziqalo zafakwa emphakathini wesilisa, okwabenza bakwazi ukufeza imithwalo yemfanelo yabantu. I-bogwera izoqinisa futhi izibopho zobuzalwane ezidalwa ngobulungu bezimiso. Izibopho zokuphila ngokubambisana nokubambisana zadalwa phakathi ne-bogwera. Kusukela kuqale ukufuduka komsebenzi, lezi zibopho zakha isisekelo samaqembu 'asekhaya-abafana' - amadoda ba gagesu - abese basizana ekutholeni indawo yokuhlala futhi basebenza edolobheni, babuyisa izidumbu zalabo abafayo futhi bagcinana mayelana nezindaba ezibalulekile ezenzeka emaphandleni ngesikhathi zisasebenza edolobheni.

Izigaba zokukhula komuntu kanye nentuthuko emphakathini wendabuko zachazwa ngokucacile futhi zidinga ukugcwaliseka kwemigomo ebekiwe. Lezi zigaba zingafingqwa ngokuthi: ingane (ilanga); umfana (mosemane); intsha (leSoboro); intsha esokile (modikana); ilungu lesikhathi esifushane esiphezulu (sealoga); qalisa (leagola); qalisa ukuhambisa i-bogwera (legwere); futhi ekugcineni umuntu omdala (umyeni).

Translated by Nsika Khoza