Vegetable Farming in South Africa

© Eric Miller
Khayelitsha Community food garden: growing vegetables for sale in the community.
Filled with vitamins and nutrients, vegetables are perfect foods. Eaten in a variety of ways - from raw to roasted or as part of a hearty meal - vegetables can add flavour and substance to any dish. Moms and doctors the world over know what they’re talking about when they tell you to eat your vegetables.

Vegetable farming in South Africa is not simply a matter of throwing some seeds in the ground and waiting for perfect produce. Optimal conditions vary from plant to plant and there is much to consider if you want a thriving crop. covers the nitty gritty of growing healthy vegetables of all shapes,sizes and varieties from wholesome butternut to delicate asparagus in all 11 official languages.


Asparagus is a perennial plant or herb from the family Asparagaceae. The plant grows from a rhizome underground, commonly referred to as the crown. Numerous shoots sprout from the...more


Brinjal is a plant with large dull green slightly fury leaves. Grows about one meter tall. The flowers before fruit set are light purple. The fruit is dark purple to black and some varieties are...more


Broccoli grows as a flare of 8 to 12 grey green leaves that form into a bowl shape with the flower head or broccoli head growing out of the centre. This head is the nutritious vegetable that is...more


Cabbage can be grown on a range of soils but thrives on well-drained, moisture-retentive loamy soils well supplied with organic matter. It does not grow well on highly acidic soil. The ideal soil...more

Chilli Pepper

The chilli plant has green elongated oval leaves that narrow to pointy ends. The chilli plant can be in a bush that grows upright to about a meter tall or some varieties are more bush like and...more


Garlic has been used for medicinal purposes as an anti-inflammatory, it is also believed to lower blood pressure and control cholesterol levels and has been used as a condiment for over 5000...more

Green String Beans

Can be a bush or a runner in which case must be planted with a trellising to keep beans off the ground. Can be consumed cooked or the young beans can be used raw in salads. They are processed...more


Onions are an herbaceous biennial in the family Liliaceae grown for its edible bulb. The stem of the plant is a flattened disc at the base and the tubular leaves form a pseudo stem where their...more


The plant has uneven branchy leaves above ground that are not edible and tubers underground which make up the main source of food on the plant. Tubers can be almost round and some are...more


A leafy plant with slightly glossy crisp dark green leaves 25 to 30cm long and 10 to 20cm wide. Leaves start out relatively smooth and round when immature but as foliage matures the leaves...more

Sweet Pepper

Sweet pepper is a tender plant with green oval shaped leaves that narrow to a pointy end. The pepper is a determinate plant that grows through its growing season then dies back after...more


Table tomatoes are one of the most cultivated crops in the world and there are several hundred varieties of tomato available. The fruit is rich in lycopene and Vitamin C. Tomatoes are used in...more