Fauna na Flora swa Robben Island

Nkavanyeto wa ntumbuluko

©Roger de la Harpe
Xihlala lexi xi hisa ngopfu hi ximumu naswona xititimela bya gwitsi hi xixika. Loko kunga se fika vanhu exihlaleni lexi, nhova leyi ayiri kona eka ndzhawu liya ayi katsa byasi na swihlahla leswintsongo.

Misinya hinkwayo leyi voniwaka namuntlha yi byariwe hi munhu kwalomu ka 500 wa malembe lawa yanga hundza, hi xikongomelo xaku endla leswaku xihlala lexi xiva kaya.

Xinwe xa swivangelo xakuva kukumeka nhova yintsongo exihlaleni lexi hileswaku akuna mphakelo wa kahle wa mati. Akuna milambu kumbe swinkobyani.kova na swidanwana swintsongo swa mati. Loko vanhu va fika, mati aya kala swinene naswona tiyindlu ati akiwa hi mati yampfula lawa aya hlengeletiwa.

Hiva 20th century, ku endliwe ndzhawu yobasisa mati leswaku swita antswisa mphakelo wa mati, kambe kahari ndzhawu ya torha swinene eka swivumbiwa leswi tsandzekaka ku hanya hi mati ya lwandle.

Kuna ku tshemba leswaku Robben Island ayi lawuleki. Vanhu va ringetile kuyi hluvukisa hikuva va byala misinya yati palms (leyi sweswi yinga goveka hi moya). Sweswi ku byariwe bougainvillea yovangama eswirhapeni.

Kambe xihlala lexi xa tsandzeka kuva xihluvuka kuya hileswi vanhu ava swilangutisisa xiswona.

Swiharhi swa nhova

©Roger de la Harpe
Ntumbuluko wa fauna awuri na swihadyana swale matini swotani hiti seals,tinyenyani ta lwandle nati penguins. Tinyoka natona hile kaya katona exihlaleni.

Hinkwaswo swiharhi leswinga exihlaleni kufikela namunthla switisiwe hi vanhu. Namuntlha kuna kwalomu ka 15 Springbok, 100 Steenbuck, 200 European Fallow Deer, nati Bontebok, Eland nati yimbho tintsongo. Kutlhela kuva na mimpfundla, makondlo na swimanga.

Xihlala xina vutomi swinene bya swiharhi. Mimpfundla yikota kutitumbeta eka swihlahla leswinga kona naswona timhala tifamba famba hikurhula eka misava leyinga biyeleriwangiki.

Hambi loko unga swivoni swiharhi leswi, kuna vumbhoni bya leswaku kuna swiharhi hinkwako. Drolletjies ti tlangela eka rivala ra rugby kasi ti penguintitlangela nale patwini leswi endlaka kutsemakanya ka ti penguins koka kungari enawini.

Vutomi bya tinyenyani byilo vuya hi xitalo, naswona kwalomu ka 74 wa tinxaka ta swinyenyani leti katsaka ti cormorants, seagulls nati lapwings, leti hanyaka eribuweni ra lwandle. Leswi vonakaka ngopfu iti African penguins. Tijika jika kwala tlhelo ka ribuwa, kusuhi na harbour naswona tiya laha titsakelaka kuya kona hinkarhi watona.

Unwana wa vanhu lavanga tshama nkarhi woleha e xihlaleni lexi loyi anga tsahama kutlula kwalomu ka 20 wa malembe uhlamusela leswaku khale ka masiku ti penguins ati ngari na nkanuhikuva ati switiva leswaku titihanyela tinga kavanyetiwi kumbe ku dlawa hi mulanguteri wa khotso.

Sweswi titele ngopfu lah exihlaleni lexi naswona kuvikiwa leswaku tinga fika eka 13 000 leti hanyaka kona.

Translated by Ike Ngobeni