The only other member of the hippo family is the rare pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) which is found in West Africa. Compared to its brutish cousin, the pygmy hippo only weighs about 200 kg and its lives alone or in pairs in swamps and along forest streams.Size
Height 140 cmWeight
Male 2000-3000 kg, Female 1400 kgLifespan
About 35-40 yearsHabitat
Permanent water that abuts grasslandsGestation
8 month gestationNumber of young
Grazers – unselectivePredators
Hippos are mostly immune to predation due to large size. They cluster together in the water to protect the young from crocodiles. Lions and hyenas do occasionally attack hippos when on land at night.
Hippos have unique feet. They are the only ungulate to possess 4 toes. Because they have an even amount of toes, like antelope which have 2 claws or toes, they belong to the order Artiodactyla i.e. even-toed ungulates.
How to Tell Which Sex?
Hippos have internal testes like elephants. This makes it difficult to tell males and females apart. Generally, males are larger than females.
By Megan Emmett