Abalone Farming in South Africa
Marine Aquaculture in South Africa

©Charles Hayne
Green lipped abalone with braised winter melon, oyster cream and sea cucumber.
©Abagold
Young abalone spat at a land-based abalone farm in Hermanus.

South Africa is one of the world’s top producers of abalone, exporting high-quality products of the endemic Haliotis midae or ‘perlemoen’ to markets mainly in Asia.

The production of abalone occurs mainly in tanks in land-based systems, but increasingly, permits for reseeding of abalone in the ocean in ranching abalone systems are being allocated. Abalone products from South Africa range from fresh live abalone to dried and processed products. 

By Marinda Louw

Abalone Farming Systems

Systems used in the farming of abalone are recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), ranching, cage culture and flow-through systems....more

Abalone in South Africa

In order to sustain and protect wild populations of abalone, these highly-prized and delectable sea snails are bred in technologically controlled abalone farms along the South African coast....more

Abalone Products

Of a whole abalone, about 30% is abalone meat, 22% is shell made of calcium carbonate and the rest is intestines....more

How to Farm Abalone

The farming of abalone in South Africa is in land-based systems along the coast, mainly in the Southern Cape, but there are also abalone farms in the Northern Cape and in the Eastern Cape Provinces....more

What is Abalone?

Basically, a sea snail with a high export value, abalone or ‘perlemoen’ in Afrikaans, is endemic to the rocks of South Africa’s shallow coastal waters....more