Water and Climate Change

© Peter Delaney
An ocean landscape in South Africa.
Water gives life to all of Earth - the clear liquid is needed for all life to thrive. About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and the ocean (sea water) holds 96.5% of all Earth’s water.

With increasing droughts in South Africa, fresh water has become a scarce commodity. Occurrences of water scarcity is common in various regions, and a closer look is taken at the increasing threat of climate change on water sources.

Marine life has been affected by increased temperatures, which has caused irrefutable damage to the ocean’s inhabitants. Emphasis is placed on analysing low oxygen levels in the ocean, as well as the effects of increased upwelling, as well as how gulfstreams have changed in South Africa.

By Leonie Joubert

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