Umshado Emphakathini wamaTsonga

Inqubo Yomshado

©Dr Peter Magubane
Emphakathini wesintu waseTsonga, ukukhetha umlingani kwakungeyona into eqondile, njengoba inqubo ilandela imithethwana yemithetho. Abazala bomndeni bokuqala babengenakutshata; ingane yokudlwengula yayingasetshenziswa, kodwa ubaba angancoma amantombazane endodaneni yakhe. Owesifazane wayevame ukuthumela lo wesifazane indandatho yotshani noma iva ukuze abonise ukuthi wayefuna ukumshada. Uma umuzwa wawuphindaphindiwe, wayezomthumelela indandatho yetshani noma iva, eqinisekisa ubuhlobo bawo.

Ngemuva kokuba ubaba wentombazane ekhulume ngokuvumelana nomdlalo wakhe, ubaba walo mfana wathumela umndeni wakhe inkomo, efaka isivumelwano. Lapho lesi sigaba sesifinyelelwe, izingxoxo ezengeziwe zizoqhutshwa ngabaxhumanisi ababili abamele imindeni.

Namuhla ukusebenza komdanso ngenxa yomndeni wesifazane kusekukhathazeka okubalulekile. Umshado waseTsonga ungaphezu kobudlelwano phakathi kwabantu ngabanye. It cements ubudlelwano phakathi kwemindeni, ukuthwala amalungelo kanye nezibopho ezidlula ukufa komunye umuntu oshade naye. Isibonelo, uma umfazi efa ngaphambi kokuba akhiqize ingane, noma kufanele abe nengane, esinye sezihlobo zakhe sinikezwa ukuzala abantwana. Lapho umyeni efa, izihlobo zakhe kufanele zondle umfelokazi wakhe; uma esakhula umfowenu omncane angamthatha abe ngumkakhe futhi akhiphe izingane ngaye, kumfowabo oshonile.

Umkhosi Wendabuko

©Dr Peter Magubane
Umkhosi wendabuko usuqhushwa yiTsonga amaningi. Ngesikhathi intombazane ehamba ekhaya lakhe, kwenziwa umhlatshelo, futhi ngokusemthethweni uthatha ikhefu lomndeni wakhe kanye nokhokho babo. Lokhu kulandelwa 'ukunikela phezu' komlobokazi emndenini wakhe omusha. Ngemuva kwedili lomshado emthini womkhwenyana (umndeni), lo mbhangqwana uthathwa njengokushada ngokomzimba.

Ngokwesiko umlobokazi kwakudingeka alandele imithetho ehloniphekile yokuziphatha nokuziphatha emakhaya akhe amasha. Emva komshado wakhe wahlala emthonjeni kamkhwekazi wakhe, esekela uninazala emisebenzini yakhe yansuku zonke nangokupheka ukudla. Uninazala wayezomfundisa amasiko omndeni. Wayefanele agcine imithetho eminingi yokuziphatha eya kumkhwezala wakhe nabafowabo. Wayevame ukuthuthela emthini wakhe ngemva kokuzalwa kwengane yakhe yokuqala, kodwa waqhubeka esebenzisa umkhwenyana wakhe wokupheka kuze kube yilapho umfowabo omncane umyeni wakhe eshada. Umkakhe wabe esehamba nomamazala.

Ngesikhathi umama osemncane ehambela emzini wakhe futhi ephethe indawo yakhe yokupheka, yena, umyeni wakhe nengane yakhe benza i-unit in the tree. Ekuqaleni bahlala endlini kayise, kodwa lapho indoda ithola amanye amakhosikazi kwakhiwa isidingo sakhe siqu. Umkhuba ovamile wukuthi indodana yakha eduze noma yandisa umuthi kayise. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi lokhu kuholele ekubaleni noma ngisho nasezindlini, njengoba izizukulwane ezintsha zenezelwe ezindaweni zokuhlala.

Ubuhlobo bomndeni buqiniswa ngomshado, ngoba emishadweni eyalandela yathintwa odade abasha bomfazi wokuqala. Umfazi wokuqala womuntu angase agxile ekuzuzeni abanye abafazi njengalesi simo sakhe esithuthukisiwe emphakathini futhi kusiza ukuhlukanisa umsebenzi womuthi phakathi kwabafazi nabantwana babo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi umndeni we nyukliya waba yinkampani esebenzayo kanye nezomnotho, eyakhiwe imindeni ehlukene, lapho umuntu ngamunye abe nesimo esithile kanye nomthwalo wemfanelo wokufaka isandla esihle.

Translated by Nsika Khoza